Numbers Introduction Index
Research Material

TITLE:

  • Numbers forms the fourth book of the Pentateuch, as the five books of Moses are called. The title "Numbers" comes by derivation from the LXX title Arithmoi, through the Latin Numeri, of which "numbers" is a translation. The Hebrews call the book Bemidbar, "in the wilderness." (1BC 821)

AUTHORSHIP:

  • The classic belief of the majority of believers in all ages is that the books of the Pentateuch are the handiwork of Moses. In Exodus we have the account of Moses' early life, followed by his call, with the divine commission given to him, and his acceptance by the people as their leader. In Numbers he is portrayed as a mature leader. The stress and strain of the difficulties through which he passed with his people made him an instrument peculiarly fitted to record the history of those events. No other author has ever been disclosed who could have written the Pentateuch. The name of Moses as its author must stand. (1BC 821)

HISTORICAL SETTINGS:

  • The value of the book of Numbers is not least in that it records in much detail the nomadic period of the history of Israel, a story that stirs the faith of every true believer today. Through this unbiased record we become acquainted with the life and fortunes of the Hebrew people under Moses. This gifted author selected his material and arranged it under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Moses was a worthy narrator of the history and character of the Hebrew people, as well as a capable leader, who under God brought them into a coherent religious unity that time and distress could not dissolve. Thus in the book of Numbers we have an inspired narrative, the historic credibility of which cannot be lightly cast aside. (1BC 821)