Genesis 3:15 Index
"And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel."
Research Material

" . . . I will put enmity . . . "

  • Here the Lord turns from addressing the literal serpent who spoke to Eve, to pronounce judgment on the old serpent the devil. This judgment, expressed in prophetic language, has even been understood by the Christian church as a prediction of the coming of the Deliverer. Even though this interpretation is unquestionably correct, it may be pointed out that the prophecy is also true literally - there is mortal enmity between the serpent and man wherever the two meet. (1BC 232-233)

" . . . between thy seed and her seed . . . "

" . . . it shall bruise thy head . . . "

  • "Bruise," shuph. This word means "to crush" or "to lie in wait for."
  • It is evident that crushing the head is far more serious than crushing the heel. It is important to notice that although the enmity foretold is to be between the seed of the woman, and that of the serpent, it is the head of the serpent and not its seed that is to be crushed. In retaliation, the serpent will have been able to do no more than to bruise the heel of the woman's seed. (1BC 233)
  • The "seed" is put in the singular, indicating, not that a multitude of descendants of the woman jointly shall be engaged in crushing the serpent's head, but rather that a single individual will accomplish this. These observations clearly show that in this pronouncement is compressed the record of the great controversy between Christ and Satan, a battle that began in heaven (Revelation 12:7; Revelation 12:8; Revelation 12:9), was continued on earth, where Christ again defeated him (Hebrews 2:14), and will terminate finally with Stan's destruction at the end of the millennium (Revelation 20:10). Christ did not emerge from this battle unscathed. The nail marks in His hands and feet and the scar in His side will be eternal reminders of the fierce strife in which the serpent bruised the woman's seed (john 20:25; Zechariah 13:6; EW 53). (1BC 233)