Ezra 1:1 Index
"Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,"
Research Material

"Now in the first year..."

  • The city of Babylon fell to Persian arms on Tishri 16 (October 13), 359 B.C., and Cyrus himself entered the city on Marcheshavan 3 (October 29) of the same year. However, it was not until the next New Year's Day, Nisan 1 (March 24), 538 B.C., that the first Babylonian regnal year began. All documents previous to this day were dated in his "accession year." The Jews, on the other had, counted the regnal years of Persian rulers according to their own calendar. By the Jewish civil calendar the first full year from the fall of Babylon extended from the autumn of 538 B.C., to the autumn of 537 B.C. (3BC 325)