Ezekiel 4:6 Index
"And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year."
Ezekiel 4:5 ===== Bibliography

" . . . forty days . . . "

  • By the same analogy as discussed in Ezekiel 4:5, the forty years would represent the years of Judah's sin. In contrast with Israel, Judah remained faithful to her appointed rules of the house of David. Yet more and more the inhabitants of Judah, too, had become steeped in idolatry, and though there were several devout kings in the kingdom of Judah who sought to stem the rising tide of evil, the course of the nation was progressively downward. One of the last major opportunities for reform came under King Josiah, who, in the 8th year of his reign (2 Chronicles 34:3), "began to seek after the God of David his father." It was a noble attempt, but as far as the people were concerned, it was only a superficial work. They were later told that they had gone too far to turn back the threatened judgments (2 Chronicles 34:23; 2 Chronicles 34:24; 2 Chronicles 34:25). If we regard Josiah's 8th year, 633/632 B.C., as the beginning of Judah's period of special guilt, then from that date to the first message to Ezekiel in 593/592 B.C., there are exactly 40 years (Ezekiel 4:5). (4BC 590)

" . . . I have appointed thee each day for a year."

  • Literally, "a day for the year, a day for the year." This expression may be compared with a similar statement in Numbers 14:34, "After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years. . . ." In these statements are found the first intimations of the prophetic scale which later [is] to figure so largely in the interpretations of the great time prophecies such as the "times and times and the dividing of time" (Daniel 7:25), and the "two thousand and three hundred days" (Daniel 8:14). (4BC 590)
  • The burden of Christ's preaching was, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent ye, and believe the gospel” (Mark 1:15). Thus the gospel message, as given by the Saviour Himself, was based on the prophecies. The “time” which He declared to be fulfilled was the period made known by the angel Gabriel to Daniel. “Seventy weeks,” said the angel, “are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy” (Daniel 9:24). A day in prophecy stands for a year. See (Numbers 14:34Ezekiel 4:6).The seventy weeks, or four hundred and ninety days, represent four hundred and ninety years. A starting point for this period is given: “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks,” sixty-nine weeks, or four hundred and eighty-three years (Daniel 9:25). The commandment to restore and build Jerusalem, as completed by the decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus (Ezra 6:14Ezra7:1; Ezra7:9, margin), went into effect in the autumn of B.C. 457. From this time four hundred and eighty-three years extend to the autumn of A.D. 27. According to the prophecy, this period was to reach to the Messiah, the Anointed One. In A.D. 27, Jesus at His baptism received the anointing of the Holy Spirit, and soon afterward began His ministry. Then the message was proclaimed. “The time is fulfilled” (Mark 1:15). (DA 233)