Revelation 9:1 Index
"And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit."
Research Material

" . . . the fifth angel . . . "

" . . . I saw a star fall . . . "

  • Or, "a star fallen."
  • The star depicted here is not seen falling, as under the third trumpet (Revelation 8:10), but is shown already fallen upon the earth. (7BC 791)

" . . . to him was given . . . "

  • This implies that the power represented by the key was not intrinsically his, but was allowed to him by a higher power. (7BC 791)

" . . . the key . . . "

  • Possession of the key implies the power to open and close (Revelation 3:7; Matthew 16:19). (7BC 791)
  • A number of commentators have identified the firth and sixth trumpets with the ravages of the Saracens and the Turks. They point to the wars between the Persians under Khosrau II (A.D. 596-628) and the Romans under Heraclius I (A.D. 610-641) as weakening the two empires, thus preparing the way for the Moslem conquest. The key, they suggest, is the fall of Khosrau, whose overthrow and murder in A.D. 628 marked the end of the Persian Empire as an effective power and opened the way for the advance of the Arabian forces. (7BC 791)
  • Under the fifth trumpet a restraint had been placed on the Ottoman power. For a period of 150 years they were not to "kill" but only to torment. Now at the beginning of the 391 years the previous restraint was removed and they were to go forth to "kill." History reveals a striking fulfillment to this prophecy. Within a few years of the time when the restraint was removed the Ottomans had put an end to the Roman empire of the east. (Edwin Thiele, Outline Studies in Revelation, p. 180)
  • The fifth trumpet presents the rise of Mohammedanism with its cloud of errors, but especially the period of five months, or one hundred fifty literal years from the time they had a king over them, July 27, 1299, Othman, the founder of the Ottoman empire, invaded the territory of Nicomedia. From that time, the Ottomans harassed and tormented the Eastern empire of Rome till 1449, the one hundred fifty years of the sounding of the fifth trumpet. (J.N. Loughborough, The Great Second Advent, p. 128)

" . . . bottomless pit . . . "

  • Greek, phrear tes abussoa, "pit of the bottomless [place]," or "well of the abyss."
  • With respect to the Arabs, the bottomless pit may be thought of as representing the vast wastes of the Arabian deserts, whence these followers of Mohammed issued forth to spread their conquests over vast areas. (7BC 791)
  • That the expression “bottomless pit” represents the earth in a state of confusion and darkness is evident from other scriptures. Concerning the condition of the earth “in the beginning,” the Bible record says that it “was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep(Genesis 1:2). Prophecy teaches that it will be brought back, partially at least, to this condition. Looking forward to the great day of God, the prophet Jeremiah declares: “I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light. I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly. I beheld, and, lo, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens were fled. I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful place was a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down” (Jeremiah 4:23-26). (GC 658-659)