Revelation 2:13 Index
"I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth."
Research Material

CONDITION: The condition of the church locally and in the church age - "I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth." (KC 44)

"...where Satan's seat is..."

  • Since Pergamos was one of the seats of emperor worship, pagan practices were seen and practiced everywhere. That is why Christ refers to it as "where Satan's seat is." The believers in Pergamos had stood faithful, even unto death. Antipas, and the story of his martyrdom, were well known by the first century Church. Tradition also holds that he was the bishop of Pergamos at the time of his death. Many of the Early Church writers mention him; however, the record of his death has been lost. (KC 47)
  • Pergamum had distinguished itself in 29 B.C., by becoming the site of the first cult worship of a living emperor. A temple was built and dedicated to the joint worship of the goddess Roma (a personification of the spirit of the empire) and the emperor Augustus. At the very time John wrote these words Christians were suffering persecution for refusing to worship the emperor Domitian (A.D. 81-96), who insisted on being worshiped as "lord and god." Pergamum was also the religious capital of Asia Minor. It was the center of Oriental mystery religions transplanted from Mesopotamia, and contained many pagan temples. Its designation as the place "where Satan's seat is" was thus appropriate indeed. (7BC 749)
  • The Pergamos period of church history may be thought of as beginning about the time the emperor Constantine espoused the cause of the church, in A.D. 313 - or his own professed conversion in A.D. 323 - and ending in A.D. 538.It was during this period of time that the papacy consolidated its position as the religious and political leader of Western Europe, and that Satan established his "seat" within the Christian church. The papacy was a skillful blend of paganism with Christianity. This period may well be termed the Age of Popularity. (7BC 749)

"...thou holdest fast my name..." (Revelation 2:3)

"...thou... hast not denied my faith..."

  • That is, faith in Me. Compare the experience of the heroes of faith whose names are enshrined in Hebrews 11. (7BC 749)

"...Antipas was my faithful..."

  • A familiar Greek name, compounded of the Greek words anti, "in place of," and pas, "father." It reflected a father's hope that the son so named would eventually take his place in the world. (7BC 749)

"...martyr..."

  • Greek martus, "witness." A "martyr" is one whose death testifies to his faith. The Greek here rendered "faithful martyr" is identical with that used of Christ in Revelation 1:5 and translated "faithful witness." (7BC 749)