Revelation 1:2 Index
"Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw."
Research Material

"Who bare record..." (1 Corinthians 1:6; Revelation 6:9; Revelation 12:17)

  • Greek : "martureo," "to testify," "to witness." The past tense shows that the author here refers to what he is about to write from the viewpoint of his readers, for whom his act of writing will be in the past. The epistles of Paul (Galatians 6:11; Philippians 2:25) provide numerous examples of such usages of the past tense, as do the writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The use of such a form was considered a courtesy to the reader. John declares himself a witness, bearing testimony of all that God had revealed to him. (7BC 730)

"...word of God..." (John 1:1)

  • That is, from God, or spoken by God. John here refers back to "the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him" (Revelation 1:1). "The word of God," "the testimony of Jesus," and "all things that he say" all refer to the same thing -- "the Revelation" of (Revelation 1:1). (7BC 730)
  • The Sovereign of the universe was not alone in His work of beneficence. He had an associate — a co-worker who could appreciate His purposes, and could share His joy in giving happiness to created beings. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.” (John 1:1; John 1:2). Christ, the Word, the only begotten of God, was one with the eternal Father — one in nature, in character, in purpose — the only being that could enter into all the counsels and purposes of God. (PP 34)
  • In God's word is found wisdom unquestionable, inexhaustible—wisdom that originated, not in the finite, but in the infinite mind. But much of that which God has revealed in His word is dark to men, because the jewels of truth are buried beneath the rubbish of human wisdom and tradition. To many the treasures of the word remain hidden, because they have not been searched for with earnest perseverance until the golden precepts were understood. The word must be searched in order to purify and prepare those who receive it to become members of the royal family, children of the heavenly King. (6T 132)
  • The Scriptures need not be read by the dim light of tradition or human speculation. As well might we try to give light to the sun with a torch as to explain the Scriptures by human tradition or imagination. God's holy word needs not the torchlight glimmer of earth to make its glories distinguishable. It is light in itself—the glory of God revealed, and beside it every other light is dim. (COL 111)
  • The word of God includes the Scriptures of the Old Testament as well as of the New. One is not complete without the other. Christ declared that the truths of the Old Testament are as valuable as those of the New. (COL 126)
  • The life of Christ that gives life to the world is in His word. It was by His word that Jesus healed disease and cast out demons; by His word He stilled the sea, and raised the dead; and the people bore witness that His word was with power. He spoke the word of God, as He had spoken through all the prophets and teachers of the Old Testament. The whole Bible is a manifestation of Christ, and the Saviour desired to fix the faith of His followers on the word. When His visible presence should be withdrawn, the word must be their source of power. Like their Master, they were to live “by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.” (Matthew 4:4). (DA 390)

"...and the testimony of Jesus Christ..."

  • This may refer to the book of Revelation being a message both from Jesus or about Jesus (Revelation 1:1). (Revelation 1:1) and (Revelation 1:2) illustrate a typical Biblical parallelism, in which the first and fourth lines and the second and third are parallel.

    • "which God gave" (Revelation 1:1)
    • "the word of God" (Revelation 1:2)
    • "the testimony of Jesus Christ" (Revelation 1:2) (7BC 730)
  • The testimony of Christ, a testimony of the most solemn character, is to be borne to the world. All through the book of Revelation there are the most precious, elevating promises, and there are also warnings of the most fearfully solemn import. Will not those who profess to have a knowledge of the truth read the testimony given to John by Christ? Here is no guesswork, no scientific deception. Here are the truths that concern our present and future welfare. What is the chaff to the wheat? (8T 302)
  • Satan is ... constantly pressing in the spurious — to lead away from the truth. The very last deception of Satan will be to make of none effect the testimony of the Spirit of God. “Where there is no vision, the people perish” (Proverbs 29:18). Satan will work ingeniously, in different ways and through different agencies, to unsettle the confidence of God's remnant people in the true testimony. (1SM 48)
  • In ancient times God spoke to men by the mouth of prophets and apostles. In these days He speaks to them by the testimonies of His Spirit. There was never a time when God instructed His people more earnestly than He instructs them now concerning His will and the course that He would have them pursue. But will they profit by His teachings? will they receive His reproofs and heed His warnings? God will accept of no partial obedience; He will sanction no compromise with self. (4T 147-148)
  • It was Christ that spoke to His people through the prophets. The apostle Peter, writing to the Christian church, says that the prophets “prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glory that should follow.” (1 Peter 1:10; 1 Peter 1:11). It is the voice of Christ that speaks to us through the Old Testament. “The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” (Revelation 19:10). (PP 366-367)

"...and of all things that he saw."

  • Words denoting visual communications and perception occur 73 times in the Revelation, and words denoting audio communication, and perception, 38 times. The Revelation is a factual, eye and ear - witness report of what John saw and heard while in vision. (7BC 730)