Daniel 12:7 Index
"And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished."
Research Material

"...and I heard the man clothed in linen..."

  • Here Daniel 12 becomes more difficult to understand. Many people have struggled to make it fit the previously discussed time prophecies that are given in the books of Daniel and Revelation. Bible students hold two plausible explanations that could fit the time descriptions God gave Daniel in His final message in Daniel 12:7-13. These two explanations hinge on the student's interpretation of the term "...daily..." in Daniel 12:11. (KC 145)
  • ONE EXPLANATION: ...the "daily..." (Daniel 12:11) refers to paganism and that both Daniel 7:25 and Daniel 12:7 use the term, "time, times and a half of time", to represent the 1,260 years of papal supremacy which ended in 1798. Therefore, the 1,290 years mentioned in Daniel 12:11 had to end in 1798. Subtracting 1,290 from 1798 we arrive at A.D. 508. Clovis the king of the Franks was converted to the Catholic faith and the Goths were overthrown in A.D. 508. The establishment of the Catholic Church and its supremacy in the West was set up at this point. This view holds that this final prophecy doesn't go beyond the "...Time of the End..." (Daniel 12:4), or in other words 1798.... Daniel 12:12 however, makes an exception. Notice the words of the angle. "Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days." "...waits, and comes to" implies that the time would go beyond the date of 1798. Adding 1335 to the date of 508 that was established in Daniel 12:11 takes us to 1843. The great awakening of the Millerite movement known as the Midnight Cry began at that time. It announced the beginning of the investigative judgment in Heaven discussed in Daniel 8 and Daniel 9. (KC 145-146)

"...when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven..." (Deuteronomy 32:40)

  • Lifting both hands would indicate that the greatest solemnity and assurance were attached to the declaration. (4BC 880)

"...sware by Him that liveth fore ever..."

"...a time, times, and an half..." (Matthew 12:24)

  • TIME PROPHECY: Prophetic time periods appear frequently in Daniel -- such as the seventy weeks (Daniel 9:24), a time, times, and an half (Daniel 7:25; Daniel 12:7; Revelation 12:14), the 1290 days (Daniel 12:11) and 1335 days (Daniel 12:12), and the 2300 days (Daniel 8:14) -- and there are paralleling time periods in the Revelation -- the five months, forty and two months (Revelation 11:2 and Revelation 13:5), a thousand two hundred and threescore days (Revelation 11:3; Revelation 12:6), three days and an half (Revelation 11:9; Revelation 11:11) -- These are connected, of course, with definite events and activities, and their beginnings or endings are often marked by significant occurrences. These predicted time periods will be referred to as time prophecies, though they are tied inseparably into, and form a part of, the sequence of events depicted in the grand OUTLINE PROPHECIES. They are the inspired measuring lines of prophecy. They constitute the inspired timetable of the centuries. (Froom 32)
  • That is, the 1260 year period, A.D. 538-1798, which is first introduced in Daniel 7:25. In Daniel 7:25 the Aramaic 'iddan,' "a specified time," or "a definite time," is used; here its Hebrew counterpart, "mo'ed," appears, a word the emphasizes the fact that the heavenly Being speaks of an "appointed time" (Daniel 11:35). God has sworn to meet His appointment. (4BC 880)
  • The 1260 years mark the period of papal supremacy. Why is this period here introduced? - Probably because this power is the one which does more than any other in the world's history toward scattering the power of the holy people, or oppressing the church of God. (US 320)

"...he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people..."

  • This refers to the time of the former and the latter rain.... There are many references to the former and latter rain in Scripture. Literally speaking, the "former rain" (early rain or first rain) occurred in the autumn of the year at the planting of the winter crops. This rain was required for the seed to sprout and get a good start before winter set in.... Figuratively the "former rain" is used to describe the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost, which fulfilled the first part of the prophecy of Joel 2:23, and is referenced by Peter in Acts 2. The Holy Spirit was poured out like rain on the Day of Pentecost. The Holy Spirit is given to carry God's church through spiritual growth in preparation for the "latter rain." (KC 147)
  • Literally, the "latter rain" came in the spring when the rainy season was ending. It was needed for the grain to finish maturing before the harvest. It should be noted that without the "former rain" the Latter rain" was of no value. (KC 147-148)
  • The figurative reference to the "latter rain" fulfills the second half of Joel's prophecy in Joel 2:23 as Peter stated in Acts 2:17-18 "And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. And on My servants and on My handmaidens I will pour out in those days My Spirit; and they shall prophesy." (KC 148)
  • The "...latter rain..." (Joel 2:23) is the outpouring of the Holy Spirit during the "...time of the end..." (Daniel 12:4), or "...last days..." (Acts 2:17). Without the "...latter rain..." (Joel 2:23), God's people, those that "...keep the commandments of God..." (Revelation 14:12), will not grow to spiritual maturity and will not be able to stand and prevail through the final time of trouble. The "...latter rain..." (Joel 2:23) prepares God's people to withstand and proclaim God's message. It ripens the grain for a massive harvest at the closing work of the gospel. It must be remembered; however, that unless the "...former rain..." (Joel 2:23), the watering of the "baby seed" as on the Day of Pentecost occurs, the "...latter rain..." (Joel 2:23) will yield no harvest. (KC 148)
  • "But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth." (Acts 1:8). The witness to the world will be that God's people are willing to follow His Word and keep His Sabbath as He has commanded. (KC 148)
  • The Loud Cry of Revelation 18:1-4, "And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. And he cried mightily with a strong voice, 'Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.' And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, 'Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of the sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.'" will be accompanied by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit (i.e. the latter rain). (KC 148-149)
  • "scatter" meaning the power of the holy people as witnesses will be poured out like rain during the loud cry. For three and half years the last warning message will be given (1,260 literal days makes 3 1/2 years) and thousands will be converted just like on the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2:14. (KC 149)
  • But what shall we understand by the expression, "when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people"? To whom does the pronoun "he" refer? According to the wording of this scripture, the antecedent would at first seem to be "Him that liveth forever," or Jehovah; but, as an eminent expositor of the prophecies judiciously remarks, in considering the pronouns of the Bible we are to interpret them according to the facts of the case, and hence must frequently refer them to an antecedent understood, rather than to some noun which is expressed. So, here, the little horn, or man of sin, after being introduced by the particular mention of the time of his supremacy, 1260 years, may be the power referred to by the pronoun "he." For 1260 years he had grievously oppressed the church, or scattered its power. After his supremacy is taken away, his disposition toward the truth and its advocates still remains, his power is still felt to a certain extent, and he continues his work of oppression as far as he is able, until when? - Until the last of the events brought to view in Daniel 12:1, the deliverance of God's people. When they are thus delivered, persecuting powers are no longer able to oppress them, their power is no longer scattered, the end of the wonders described in this great prophecy is reached, and all its predictions are accomplished. (US 320-321)
  • Or without particularly altering the sense, we may refer the pronoun "he" to the one mentioned in the oath of Daniel 12:7, as "Him that liveth forever;" that is, God, since He employs the agency of earthly powers in chastising and disciplining His people, and in that sense may be said Himself to scatter their power. By His prophet He said concerning the kingdom of Israel, "I will overturn, overturn, overturn it, . . . until He come whose right it is." (Ezekiel 21:27). Again, "Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled" (Luke 21:24). Of like import is the prophecy of (Daniel 8:14): "How long . . . the vision . . . to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?" Who gives them to this condition? - God. Why? - To discipline, to "Purify and make white" (Daniel 12:9) His people. How Long? - Until the sanctuary is cleansed. (US 321)