Daniel 12:1 Index
"And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book."
Research Material

"...at that time..."

  • It should be noted that the words "at that time" do not specify whether the events here foretold are to occur simultaneously with those of Daniel 11:45, or whether they immediately precede or follow [Daniel 11:45]. The important point is that the events of [Daniel 11:45] and those of [Daniel 12] are closely related in point of time. (4BC 878)
  • A definite time is specified in this verse, not a particular year or month or day, but a time made definite by the occurrence of a certain event with which it is connected. "At that time." What time? - The time to which we are brought by the closing verse of [Daniel 11] - the time when the king of the north shall plant the tabernacles of his palace in the glorious holy mountain. When this event takes place, he is to come to his end; and then, according to this verse, we look for the standing up of Michael, the great Prince. (US 301)

"...at that time shall Michael stand up..." (Daniel 10:13)

  • Here the divine Champion in the great controversy takes action to deliver His people. (4BC 878)
  • The sense [here is that] Christ arises to deliver His people. (GC 613, 633, 641, 657) (4BC 878)
  • The standing up of Michael [Christ ends His work as man's intercessor in the courts of Heaven], the period of tribulation [the beginning of the time of trouble on earth], and the rasing of the dead take place... that is, when the great persecution and the power described in Daniel 11:40-45 is coming to its end. These events do not occur immediately. They occur within a brief time period. Beginning with Daniel 12:4, Daniel is given a more detailed view of these closing events on earth and the beginning of the everlasting kingdom of God. (KC 143)
  • Who is Michael, and what is his standing up? - Michael is called the "archangel" in Jude 9. This means the chief angel, or the head over the angels. There is but one. Who is he? - He is the one whose voice is heard from heaven when the dead are raised. (1 Thessalonians 4:16). Whose voice is heard in connection with that event? - The voice of our Lord Jesus Christ. (John 5:28). Tracing back the evidence with the fact as a basis, we reach the following conclusion: The voice of the Son of God is the voice of the Archangel; the Archangel, then must be the Son of God. But the Archangel is called Michael; hence Michael must be the name given to the Son of God. The expression in [Daniel 12:1], "the great Prince which standeth for the children of thy people," is sufficient alone to identify the one here spoken of as the Saviour of men. He is "the Prince of Life," and "a Prince and a Saviour." (Acts 3:15; Acts 5:31). He is the great Prince. (US 301)
  • We now come to the second question,'What is the standing up of Michael?' The key to the interpretation of this expression is given us:
    • "...there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia..." (Daniel 11:2)
    • "...a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion..." (Daniel 11:3)
    • There can be no doubt as to the meaning of these expressions in these instances. They signify to take the kingdom, to reign. This expression in the verse under consideration must mean the same. At that time Michael shall stand up, shall take the kingdom, shall begin to reign. (US 302)
  • But is not Christ reigning now? - Yes, associated with His Father on the throne of universal dominion (Ephesians 1:20-22); Revelation 3:21). But this throne, or kingdom, He gives up at His coming. (1 Corinthians 15:24). Then begins His reign, brought to view in the text, when He stands up, or takes His own kingdom, the long-promised throne of His father David, and establishes a dominion of which there shall be no end. (Luke 1:32, 33). (US 302)
  • Momentous are the events introduced by the standing up of Michael. He stands up, or takes the kingdom, some length of time before He returns personally to this earth. How important, then, that we have a knowledge of His position, that we may be able to trace the progress of His work, and understand when that thrilling moment draws near which ends His intercession in behalf of mankind, and fixes the destiny of all forever. (US 303)
  • But how are we to know this?How are we to determine what is taking place in the sanctuary above? God has been so good as to place in our hands the means of knowing this. He has told us that when certain great events take place on earth, important decisions which synchronize with them are being made in heaven. By these things which are seen, we thus learn of things that are unseen. As we "look through nature up to nature's God," so through terrestrial phenomena and events we trace great movements in the heavenly kingdom. When the king of the north shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain, then Michael our Lords stands up, or receives from His Father the kingdom, preparatory to His return to this earth. Or it might be expressed in words like these: Then our Lord ceased His work as our great High Priest, and the probation of the world is finished. The great prophecy of the 2300 days give us the definite beginning of the final division of the work in the sanctuary in heaven. The verse before us gives us data whereby we can discover approximately the time of its close. (US 303)

"...the great prince..." (Daniel 10:13)

"...standeth for the children of they people..."

  • or "who stands over," that is, in protection. (4BC 878)
  • He "standeth for the children of thy people." He condescends to take the servants of God in [their] poor mortal state, and redeem them for the subjects of His future kingdom. He stands for us who believe. His people are essential to His future purposes, and inseparable part of the purchased inheritance. They are to be the chief agents of that joy which Christ foresaw, and which caused Him to endure all the sacrifice and suffering which have His intervention in behalf of the fallen race. Amazing honor! Be everlasting gratitude repaid Him for His condescension and mercy to us! Be His the kingdom, power, and glory, forever and ever! (US 302)

"...there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was..."

  • When Christ's mediation ceases and God's Spirit is withdrawn from men, then all the pent-up powers of darkness descend with indescribable fury upon the world. There will be a scene of strife such as no pen can picture (GC 613-614). (4BC 878)
  • The kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdom "of our Lord and of His Christ." His priestly robes are to be laid aside for royal vesture. The work of mercy will be finished and the probation of the human race ended. Then he that is filthy is beyond hope of cleansing; and he that is holy is beyond the danger of falling. All cases are forever decided. From that time on until Christ comes in the clouds of heaven, the nations are broken as with a rod of iron, and dashed in pieces like a potter's vessel, by an unparalleled time of trouble. There will be a series of divine judgments upon men who have rejected God. Then shall the Lord Jesus Christ be revealed from heaven "In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel..." (2 Thessalonians 1:8). (Revelation 11:15; Revelation 22:11; Revelation 22:12) (US 302-303)
  • In connection with the standing up of Michael, there occurs a time of trouble such as never was. In Matthew 24:21 we read of a period of tribulation such as never was before it, nor should be after it. This tribulation, fulfilled in the oppression and slaughter of the church by the papal power, is already past; while the time of trouble of Daniel 12:1 is still future, according to the view we take. How can there be two times of trouble, many years apart, each of them greater than any that had been before it, or should be after it? (US 303-305)
  • To avoid difficulty here, let this distinction be carefully noticed:
    • 1) The tribulation spoken of in Matthew is tribulation upon the church. Christ is there speaking to His disciples, and of His disciples in coming time. They were the ones involved, and for their sake the days of tribulation were to be shortened (Matthew 24:22). In Matthew there is reference made to time beyond that tribulation; for after it is past, the people of God shall never go through another period of suffering like it.
    • 2) The time of trouble mentioned in Daniel 12:1 is not a religious persecution, but of international calamity. There has been nothing like it since there was - not a church, - but a nation. This is the last trouble to come upon the world in its present state.... there is no reference here in Daniel 12:1 to future time after the trouble here mentioned, for it closes this world's history. It includes the seven last plagues of Revelation 16, and culminates in the revelation of the Lord Jesus, coming in clouds of flaming fire, to visit destruction upon His enemies. But out of this tribulation everyone shall be delivered who shall be found written in the book - the book of life; "And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call." (Joel 2:32). (US 305)

"...thy people shall be delivered..."

  • What a consolation that in this great controversy the outcome is not in doubt! (Daniel 7:18, Daniel 7:22, Daniel 7:27 and Daniel 10:14). (4BC 878)
  • I was pointed down to the time when the third angel's message was closing. The power of God had rested upon His people; they had accomplished their work and were prepared for the trying hour before them. They had received the latter rain, or refreshing from the presence of the Lord, and the living testimony had been revived. The last great warning had sounded everywhere, and it had stirred up and enraged the inhabitants of the earth who would not receive the message.
    • I saw angels hurrying to and fro in heaven. An angel with a writer's inkhorn by his side returned from the earth and reported to Jesus that his work was done, and the saints were numbered and sealed. Then I saw Jesus, who had been ministering before the ark containing the ten commandments, throw down the censer. He raised His hands, and with a loud voice said, “It is done.”¬†And all the angelic host laid off their crowns as Jesus made the solemn declaration, “He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.” (Revelation 22:11)
    • Every case had been decided for life or death. While Jesus had been ministering in the sanctuary, the judgment had been going on for the righteous dead, and then for the righteous living. Christ had received His kingdom, having made the atonement for His people and blotted out their sins. The subjects of the kingdom were made up. (EW 279-280)

"...every one that shall be found written in the book."