Daniel 11:40 Index
"And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over."
Research Material

"...and at the time of the end..."

  • Here the king of the north and the king of the south are mentioned as such for the first time since Daniel 11:14 and Daniel 11:15. (4BC 876)
  • After a long interval, the king of the south and the king of the north again appear on the stage of action. We have nothing to indicate that we are to look to any locations for these powers other than those which shortly after the death of Alexander constituted respectively the southern and the northern divisions of his empire. The king of the south was at that time Egypt, and the king of the north was Syria, including Thrace and Asia Minor. Egypt continued to rule in the territory designated as belonging to the king of the south, and Turkey for more than four hundred years ruled over the territory which first constituted the domain of the king of the north. (US 289)
  • This application of the prophecy calls for a conflict to spring up between Egypt and France, and between Turkey and France , in 1798, which year, as we have seen, marked the beginning of the time of the end. If history testifies that such a triangular war did break out in that year, it will be conclusive proof of the application. (US 289)
  • We inquire, therefore, Is it a fact that at the time of the end, Egypt did "push," or make a comparatively feeble resistance, while Turkey did come like a resistless "whirlwind," against "him," that is, the government of France? We have already produced some evidence that the time of the end began in 1798; and no reader of history need be informed that in that year a state of open hostility between France and Egypt was developed. (US 289-290)
    • To what extent this conflict owed its origin to the dreams of glory deliriously cherished in the ambitious brain of Napoleon Bonaparte, the historian at least, contrived to make Egypt the aggressor:
      • "In a skillfully worded proclamation he [Napoleon] assured the peoples of Egypt that he had come to chastise only the governing caste of Mamelukes for their depredations on French merchants; that, far from wishing to destroy the religion of the Muslim, he had more respect for God, Mohammed, and the Koran than the Mamelukes had shown; that the French had destroyed the Pope and the Knights of Malta who levied war on the Muslim; thrice blessed, therefore, would be those who sided with the French, blessed even those who remained neutral, and thrice unhappy those who fought against them." (The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. VIII, p. 599. By permission of the Macmillan Company, publishers in the United States). (US 290)
    • The beginning of the year 1798 found France indulging in immense projects against the English. The Directory desired Bonaparte to undertake at once the crossing of the Channel and an attack on England; but he saw that no direct operation of that kind cold be judiciously undertaken before the autumn, and he was unwilling to hazard his growing reputation by spending the summer in idleness:
      • "But," says the historian, "he saw a far-off land, where a glory was to be won which would gain a new charm in the eyes of his countrymen by the romance and mystery which hung upon the scene. Egypt, the land of the Pharaohs and Ptolemies, would be a noble field for new triumphs." (James White, History of France, p. 469). (US 290)
    • But while still broader visions of glory opened before the eyes of Bonaparte in those Eastern lands, covering not Egypt only, but Syria, Persia, Hindustan, even to the Ganges itself, he had no difficulty in persuading the Directory that Egypt was the vulnerable point through which to strike at England by intercepting her Eastern trade. Hence on the pretext above mentioned, the Egyptian campaign was undertaken. (US 290-291)
    • The downfall of the papacy, which marked the termination of the 1260 years, and according to [Daniel 11:35] showed the beginning of the time of the end, occurred in February, 1798, when Rome fell into the hands of Berthier, the general of the French. He left Paris May 3, and set sail from Toulon the 19th, with a large naval armament consisting of:
      • thirteen ships-of-the-line, fourteen frigates (some of them unarmed), a large number of smaller vessels of war, and about 300 transports. Upwards of 35,000 troops were on board, along with 1230 horses. If we include the crews, the commission of savants sent to explore the wonders of Egypt, and the attendants, the total number of persons aboard was about 50,000; it has even been placed as high as 54,000." (The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. VIII, pp. 597, 598. By permission of the Macmillan Company, publishers in the United States). (US 291)

"...the king of the south shall push at him..."

  • Two Understandings:
    • At this point it is very crucial to understand that "...the king of the South..." refers to Spiritual Egypt. (KC 136)
    • July 2, [Bonaparte] took Alexandria, [it was immediately fortified. On the 21st the decisive Battle of the Pyramids was fought, in which the Mamelukes contested the field with valour and desperation, but they were no match for the disciplined legions of the French. Murad Bey lost all his cannon, 400 camels, and 3,000 men. The loss of the French was comparatively slight. On the 25th, Bonaparte entered Cairo, the capital of Egypt, and only waited the subsidence of the floods of the Nile to pursue Murad Bey to Upper Egypt, whither he had retired with his shattered cavalry, and so make a conquest of the whole country. Thus the king of the south was able to make but a feeble resistance. (US 291)
      • At this junction, however, the situation of Napoleon began to grow precarious. The French fleet, which was his only channel of communication with France, was destroyed by the English under Nelson at Aboukir. On September 11, 1798, the sultan of Turkey, under feelings of jealousy against France, artfully fostered by the English ambassadors at Constantinople, and exasperated that Egypt, so long a semi-dependency of the Ottoman Empire, should be transformed into a French province, declared war against France. Thus the king of the north (Turkey) came against him (France) in the same year that the king of the south (Egypt) "pushed," and both "at the time of the end." This is another conclusive proof that the year 1798 is the year which begins that period - all of which is a demonstration that this application of the prophecy is correct. So many events could not take place together and not constitute a fulfillment of the prophecy. (US 291-293)

"... the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships..."

  • Was the coming of the king of the north, or Turkey, like a whirlwind in comparison with the pushing of Egypt? Napoleon had crushed the armies of Egypt, and essayed to do the same thing with the armies of the sultan which were threatening an attack from the side of Asia. He began his march from Cairo to Syria, February 27, 1799, with 18,000 men. He first took the Fort El-Arish in the desert, then Jaffa (the Joppa of the Bible), conquered the inhabitants of Naplous at Zeta, and was again victorious at Jafet. Meanwhile, a strong body of Turks had intrenched themselves at St. Jean d'Acre, while swarms of Mussulmans gathered in the mountains of Samaria, ready to swoop down upon the French when they should besiege Acre. Sir Sidney Smith at the same time appeared before St. Jean d'Acre with two English ships, reinforced the Turkish garrison of that place, and captured the apparatus for the siege which Napoleon had sent across by sea from Alexandria. A Turkish fleet soon appeared in the offing, which with the Russian and English vessels then co-operating with them constituted the "many ships" of the king of the north. (US 293)
  • On the 18th of March the siege began. Napoleon was twice called away to save some French divisions from falling into the hands of the Mussulman hordes that filled the country. Twice also a breach was made in the wall of the city, but the assailants were met with such fury by the garrison that they were obliged, despite their best efforts, to give over the struggle. After a continuance of sixty days, Napoleon raised the siege, sounded the note of retreat, for the first time in his career, and on the 21st of May, 1799, began to retrace his steps to Egypt. (US 293-294)

"...and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over."

  • We have found events which furnish a very striking fulfillment of the pushing of the king of the south, and the whirlwind onset of the king of the north against the French power. [NOTE] THUS FAR THERE IS QUITE A GENERAL AGREEMENT IN THE APPLICATION OF THE PROPHECY. WE NOW RECH A POINT WHERE THE VIEWS OF EXPOSITORS BEGIN TO DIVERGE.
    • To whom do the words he "shall overflow and pass over," refer - to France or to the king of the north? Some apply the words to France, and endeavor to find a fulfillment in the career of Napoleon. Others apply them to the king of the north, and accordingly point for a fulfillment to events in the history of Turkey. We speak of these two positions only, as the attempt which some make to bring in the papacy here is so evidently wide of the mark that it need not be considered. (US 294)
    • If neither of these positions is free from difficulty, as we presume, NO ONE WILL CLAIM THAT IT IS ABSOLUELY, it only remains that we take that one which has the weight of evidence in its favor. We shall find one in favor of which the evidence does so greatly preponderate to the exclusion of all others, as scarcely to leave any room for doubt in regard to the view here mentioned. (US 294)
  • [View reference France or Napoleon]
    • Respecting the application of this portion of the prophecy to Napoleon or France under his leadership, we do not find events which we can urge with any degree of assurance as the fulfillment of the remaining part of this chapter. Hence we do not see how it can be thus applied. (US 294)
  • [View reference Turkey]
    • Hence we do not see how it can be thus applied. It must, then be fulfilled by Turkey, UNLESS IT CAN BE SHOWN THAT THE EXPRESSION 'KING OF THE NORHT' DOES NOT APPLY TO TURKEY, OR THAT THERE IS SOME OTHER POWER BESIDES EITHER FRANCE OR TURKEY WHICH FULFILLED THIS PART OF THE PREDICCTION. But if Turkey, now occupying the territory which constituted the northern division of Alexander's empire, is not the king of the north of this prophecy, then we are left without any principle to guide us in the interpretation. We presume all will agree that there is no room for the introduction of any other power here. France or Turkey are the only ones to whom the prediction can apply. The fulfillment must lie between them. (US 294-295)