Daniel 11:38 Index
"But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall be honour with gold, silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things."
Research Material

"...in his estate..."

  • "in his place," that is, in place of the true God. (4BC 876)

"...he shall honour the God of forces..."

  • We meet a seeming contradiction in this verse. How can a nation disregard every god, and yet honor the god of forces? It could not at one and the same time hold both these positions, but it might for a time disregard all gods, and then subsequently introduce another worship and regard the god of forces. Did such a change occur in France at this time? - It did. The attempt to make France a godless nation produced such anarchy that the rulers feared the power would pass entirely out of their hands, and therefore perceived that as a political necessity, some kind of worship must be introduced. But they did not intend to introduce any movement which would increase devotion, but only such as would keep themselves in power, and give them control of the national forces. A few extracts from history will show this. Liberty and country were at first the objects of adoration. "Liberty, equality, virtue, and morality," the very opposites of anything they possessed in fact or exhibited in practice, were words which they set forth as describing the deity of the nation. In 1793 the worship of the Goddess of Reason was introduced, and is thus described by the historian:
    • "One of the ceremonies of this insane time stands unrivaled for absurdity combined with impiety. The doors of the Convention were thrown open to a band of musicians, preceded by whom, the members of the Municipal Body entered in solemn procession, singing a hymn in praise of liberty, and escorting, as the object of their future worship, a veiled female, whom they termed the Goddess of Reason. Being brought within the bar, she was unveiled with great form, and placed on the right hand of the president; when she was generally recognized as a dancing girl of the opera, with whose charms most of the persons present were acquainted from her appearance on the stage, while the experience of individuals were farther extended. To this person, as the fittest representation of that Reason whom they worshipped, The National Convention of France rendered public homage. This impious and ridiculous mummery had a certain fashion; and the installation of the Goddess of Reason was renewed and imitated throughout the nation, in such places where the inhabitants desired to show themselves equal to all the heights of the Revolution." (Sir Walter Scott, The Life of Napoleon Buonaparte, Vol. I, pp. 239, 240). (US 286)
  • The modern French historian, Louis Madelin, writes:
    • "The Assembly having excused itself from attendance on the score of business, a procession (of a very mixed description) attended the goddess to the Tuileries, and in her presence forced the deputies to decree the transformation of Notre Dame into the Temple of Reason. This not being deemed sufficient, another goddess of Reason, the wife of Momoro, a member of the Convention, was installed at Saint-Sulpice on the following decadi. Before long these Liberties and Reasons were swarming all over France: wantons, only too often, with here and there a goddess of good family and decent behaviour. If it be true that the brow of one of these Liberties was bound with a fillet bearing the words 'Turn me not into Licence1' the suggestion, we may say, would hardly have been superfluous in any part of France: for saturnalia [wild revelry] of the most repulsive kind were the invariable rule: at Lyons, we are told, an ass was given drink out of a chalice.... Payan cried out upon 'these goddesses, more degraded than those of fable.'" (Louis Madelin, The French Revolution, p. 389)(US 286-287)
  • During the time while the fantastic worship of reason was the national craze, the leaders of the revolution are know to history as "the atheists." But it was soon perceived that a religion with more powerful sanctions than the one then in vogue must be instituted to hold the people. A form of worship therefore followed in which the object of adoration was the "Supreme Being." It was equally hollow so far as any reformation of life and vital godliness was concerned, but it took hold upon the supernatural. And while the Goddess of Reason was indeed a "strange god," the statement in regard to honoring the "God of forces," may perhaps more appropriately be referred to this latter phase. (US 287)

"...a god whom his fathers knew not..."

  • Because of Papal suppression, the nation of France threw off all belief in God and established the "Age of Reason".... Now atheism (Spiritual Egypt) had risen to power. Napoleon, wanting to turn Europe into one nation, realized that it could not be done without overthrowing the Papal power; thus the King of the South sent his general, Berthier, into Rome on February 10, 1798, and took the Pope, the King of the North, captive. (KC 137)
  • ... this verse [is] referring to the worship of Reason instituted at Paris in 1793. Realizing the necessity of religion if France was to remain strong to accomplish her aim of spreading the Revolution throughout Europe, some of the leaders in Paris attempted to establish a new religion, with reason personified as a goddess. This was later followed by the worship of a "Supreme Being" -- nature deified -- who might appropriately be considered as a "god of forces." (4BC 876)