Daniel 11:36 Index
"And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done."
Research Material

"...the king shall do according to his will..."

  • Those who understand "the king" to refer to the power of France during [its] Revolution emphasize that it must be a new power that is introduced here, because it appears immediately after the mention of the "time of the end" (Daniel 11:35) and because... it must fulfill certain specifications that have not been stated concerning the power depicted in the previous verses, particularly that its willfulness will be manifested in the direction of atheism. It is... a [historical] fact... that the guiding philosophy of the French Revolution was not only anticlerical but atheistic as well, and that this philosophy had far-reaching effect on the 19th-, 20th-, and [21st-] century. Furthermore, that revolution and its aftermath mark the close of the 1260-year period of prophecy. (4BC 875)

"...and magnify himself above every god..."

  • ...These words are understood to describe the excesses of atheism indulged in by some of the more radical leaders of the [French] Revolution. As an example of this, on November 26, 1793, the Commune, or governing body, of the city of Paris took official action abolishing all religion in the capital of France. Although this action was reversed by the National Assembly a few days later, it nevertheless illustrates the influence to which atheism attained during [the French Revolution]. (4BC 875)
  • The king here introduced cannot denote the same power that was last noticed, namely, the papal power; for the specifications will not hold good if applied to that power. (US 280)
  • Take a declaration in the next verse: "... nor regard any god..." (Daniel 11:37). This has never been true of the papacy. God and Christ, though often placed in a false position, have never been professedly set aside and rejected from that system of religion. (US 280)
  • Three peculiar features must appear in the power which fulfills this Prophecy:
    • 1) It must assume the character here delineated near the beginning of "the time of the end," to which we were brought down in the preceding verse (Daniel 11:35).
    • 2) It must be a willful power.
    • 3) It must be an atheistical power. Perhaps the two latter specifications might be united by saying that its willfulness would be manifested in the direction of atheism. (US 28-281)
  • A revolution exactly answering to this description did take place in France at the time indicated in the prophecy. Atheists sowed the seeds which bore their logical and baleful fruit. Voltaire, in his pompous but impotent self-conceit, had said, "I am weary of hearing people repeat that twelve men established the Christian religion. I will prove that one man may suffice to overthrow it." Associating with himself such men as Rousseau, D'Alembert, Diderot, and others, he undertook to accomplish his threat. They sowed to the wind, and reaped the whirlwind. Then, too, the Roman Catholic Church was notoriously corrupt in France during this period, and the people were anxious to break the yoke of ecclesiastical oppression. Their efforts culminated in the "reign of terror" of 1793, when France discarded the Bible and denied the existence of the Deity. (US 281)
  • A modern historian thus describes this great religious change:
    • "Certain members of the Convention, too, had been the first to attempt to replace Christian worship in the provinces by civic ceremonial, in the autumn of 1793. At Abbeville, Dumont, having informed the populace that the priests were 'harlequins and clowns in black garments, who showed off marionettes,' had set up the Worship of Reason, and, with a not uncommon inconsistency, organized a 'marionette show' of his own of a most imposing description, with dances in the cathedral every decadi, and civic festivals on the 'observance' of which he greatly insisted. Fouche was the next to abolish Christian worship; speaking from the pulpit of the cathedral at Nevers he formally erased all spiritualism from the republican programme, promulgated the famous order which declared 'death an eternal slumber,' and thus turned the key on heaven and hell alike.... In his congratulatory address to the ex-bishop, the President declared that as the Supreme Being 'desired no worship other than the worship of Reason, that should in future be the national religion!" (Louis Madelin, The French Revolution, pp. 387, 388) (US 281-283)
  • But there are other and still more striking specifications which were fulfilled by France. (US 283)

"...shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods..."

  • [The French] threw the Bibles into the street... The King of the south (Spiritual Egypt), who had been quiet, suddenly arose. It was the Pharaoh of Egypt, the King of the South, [the French government] who... said, "Who is the Lord, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I do not know the Lord, nor will I let Israel go." (Exodus 5:2).... Out of the rise of atheism in France came movements that would war against the God of Heaven. George Hegel, 1797, the father of atheism, in philosophy and theology, introduced higher criticism of Scripture. Charles Darwin, 1837, brought in evolution of the species, turning man from his Creator. (KC 137)
  • ...this clause refers to the boastful words of the revolutionists who abolished all religion and set up the worship of the Goddess of Reason. When later the worship of the Supreme Being was introduced the reactionaries made clear that he was not to be identified with the God of the Christian religion. (4BC 875)