Daniel 11:28 Index
"Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land."
Research Material

"Then shall he return..."

  • This is a further description of the work of Constantine the Great. (4BC 872)
  • Two returnings from foreign conquest are here brought to view. The first was after the events narrated in Daniel 11:26 and Daniel 11:27, and the second, after this power had had indignation against the holy covenant, and had performed exploits. The first was fulfilled in the return of Augustus after his expedition against Egypt and Antony. He arrived in Rome with abundant honor and riches, for "at this time such vast riches were brought to Rome from Egypt on the reducing of that country, and the return of Octavianus [Augustus] and his army from thence, that the value of money fell on half, and the prices of provisions and all vendible wares were doubled thereon. (Humphrey Prideaux, The Old and New Testament Connected in the History of the Jews; Vol. II, p. 380). (US 263-264)
    • Augustus celebrated his victories in a three-days' triumph - a triumph which Cleopatra herself would have graced as one of the royal captives, had she not artfully caused herself to be bitten fatally by an asp. (US 264)

"...his heart shall be against the holy covenant..."

  • With the supposed conversion of Constantine the persecution stopped. That which had been an affliction to the church had also kept it pure. Now, worse than their suffering, Constantine brought the world into the church. (KC 132)
  • Christ is spoken of as "prince of the covenant" (Daniel 11:22), and it is He who was to "confirm the covenant with many for one week" (Daniel 9:27). That covenant is the plan of salvation, laid in eternity and confirmed by the historic act of Christ's death. It seems reasonable, then, to understand the power here referred to as one which at heart would be in opposition to that plan, and to its outworking in the souls and lives of men.... Constantine professed conversion to the Christian faith, he was actually "against the holy covenant," his objective being to make use of Christianity as an instrument for uniting the empire and solidifying his control over it. He extended great favors to the church, but in return expected the church to support his political policies. (4BC 872)
  • The next great enterprise of the Romans after the overthrow of Egypt, was the expedition against Judea and the capture and destruction of Jerusalem. The holy covenant is doubtless the covenant which God has maintained with His people under different forms in different ages of the world. The Jews rejected Christ, and according to the prophecy that all who would not hear that Prophet should be cut off, they were destroyed out of their own land and scattered to every nation under heaven. While Jews and Christians alike suffered under the oppressive hand of the Romans, it was doubtless in the reduction of Judea especially that the exploits where are mentioned in the sacred text were exhibited. (US 264)
  • Under Vespasian the Romans invaded Judea, and took the cities of Galilee, Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum, where Christ had been rejected. They destroyed the inhabitants, and left nothing but ruin and desolation. Titus besieged Jerusalem, and drew a trench around it, according to the prediction of the Saviour. A terrible famine ensued. Moses had predicted that appalling calamities would come upon the Jews if they departed from God. It had been prophesied that even the tender and delicate woman would eat her own children in the straitness of the siege. (Deuteronomy 28:52-55). Under the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, a literal fulfillment of this prediction occurred. [Titus] Hearing of the inhuman deeds, but forgetting that he was the one who was driving the people to such direful extremities, he swore the eternal extirpation of the accused city and people. (US 264-265)
    • Jerusalem fell in A.D. 70. As an honor to himself, the Roman commander had determined to save the temple, but the Lord had said, "There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down" (Matthew 24:2). A Roman soldier seized a brand of fire, and climbing upon the shoulders of his comrades, thrust it into one of the windows of the beautiful structure. It was soon ablaze, and the frantic efforts of the Jews to extinguish the flames, seconded by Titus himself, were all in vain. Seeing that the temple would be destroyed, Titus rushed in and bore away the golden candlestick, the table of shewbread, and the volume of the law, wrapped in gold tissue. The candlestick was afterward deposited in Vespasian's Temple of Peace and copied on the triumphal arch of Titus, where its mutilated image is yet to be seen [see picture above]. (US 265-266)
    • The siege of Jerusalem lasted five months. In that siege eleven hundred thousand Jews perished, and ninety-seven thousand were taken prisoners. The city was so amazingly strong that Titus exclaimed when viewing the ruins, "We have fought with the assistance of God." It was completely leveled, and the foundations of the temple were plowed up by Tarentius Rufus. The duration of the whole war was seven years, and almost a million and a half persons are said to have fallen victims to its awful horrors. (US 266)
  • Thus this power [Rome] performed great exploits, and again returned to his own land. (US 266)