Daniel 11:20 Index
"Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle."
Research Material

"There shall arise..."

  • Caesar Augustus, who succeeded Julius Caesar, was the one who established the Roman Empire. (KC 131)
  • Octavius succeeded his uncle, Julius, by whom he had been adopted. He publicly announced his adoption by his uncle, and took his name. He joined Mark Antony and Lepidus to avenge the death of Julius Caesar. The three formed what is called the triumvirate form of government. After Octavius was firmly established in the empire, the senate conferred upon him the title "Augustus," and the other members of the triumvirate now being dead, he became supreme ruler. (US 252-253)

"...a raiser of taxes..."

  • The passage... refers to a king who would send oppressors, or exactors, throughout his real.... the reference here [is] to a taxgatherer, who to the average man in ancient times was the very embodiment of royal oppression. Luke 2:1 records that "it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed [literally, "enrolled," or "registered"]. (4BC 870)
  • [Augustus] was emphatically a raiser of taxes. Luke, speaking of events that took place at the time when Christ was born, says: "It came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed." (Luke 2:1). That taxing which embraced all the world was an event worthy of notice, for the person who enforced it has certainly a claim above every other competitor to the title of "a raiser of taxes." During the reign of Augustus "fresh taxation was imposed, one quarter of the annual income from all citizens and a capital levy of one eighth on all freedmen." (The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X, pp. 96, 97) (US 253)

"...in the glory of the kingdom..."

  • He stood up "in the glory of the kingdom." Rome reached the pinnacle of its greatness and power during the "Augustan Age." The empire never saw a brighter hour. Peace was promoted, justice maintained, luxury curbed, discipline established, and learning encouraged. During his reign, the temple of Janus was shut three times , signifying that all the world was at peace. Since the founding of the Roman Empire this temple had been closed but twice previously. At this auspicious hour our Lord was born in Bethlehem of Judea. (US 253)

"...he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle."

  • August reigned for more than 40 years and died peacefully in bed in A.D.14. (KC 131)
  • Augustus, who succeeded Julius Caesar, is regarded as having established the Roman Empire, and after a reign of more than 40 years died peacefully in his bed in A.D. 14. (4BC 870)
  • In a little less than eighteen years after the taxing brought to view, seeming but a "few days" to the distant gaze of the prophet, Augustus died in A.D. 14, in the seventy-sixth year of his age. His life ended not in anger or in battle, but peacefully in his bed, at Nola, whither he had gone to seek repose and health. (US 253)