Daniel 11:12 Index
"And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it."
Research Material


  • That is Ptolemy IV. (4BC 868)
  • Ptolemy lacked the prudence to make good use of his victory. Had he followed up his success, he would probably have become master of the whole kingdom of Antiochus; but after making only a few threats, he made peace that he might be able to give himself up to the uninterrupted and uncontrolled indulgence of his brutish passions. Thus having conquered his enemies, he was overcome by his vices, and forgetful of the great name which he might have established, he spent his time in feasting and sensuality. (US 241)

"...but he shall not be strengthened by it."

  • Indolent and dissolute, Ptolemy failed to make the best of his victory at Raphia. In the meantime, during the years 212-204 B.C., Antiochus III turned his energies to recovering his eastern territories, and campaigned successfully as far as the border of India. About 203 B.C., Ptolemy IV and his queen both died mysteriously, and were succeeded by a son, Ptolemy V Epiphanes (203-181 B.C.), who was only four or five years old. (4BC 868)
  • His heart was lifted up by his success, but he was far from being strengthened by it, for the inglorious use he made of it caused his own subjects to rebel against him. But the lifting up of his heart was especially made manifest in his transactions with the Jews. Coming to Jerusalem, he offered sacrifices, and was desirous of entering into the most holy place of the temple contrary to the law and religion of the Jews. But being restrained with great difficulty, he left the place, burning with anger against the whole nation of the Jews, and immediately began against them a relentless persecution. In Alexandria, where Jews had resided since the days of Alexander, enjoying the privileges of the most favored citizens, forty thousand according to Eusebius, sixty thousand accord to Jerome, were slain. The rebellion of the Egyptians and the massacre of the Jews certainly were not calculated to strengthen Ptolemy in his kingdom, but were sufficient rather to ruin it almost totally. (US 241-242)