Daniel 11:11 Index
"And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand."
Research Material

"...the king of the south shall be moved with choler..." (Daniel 8:7)

  • After numerous battles between the two powers, Antiochus III, King of the North, and Ptolemy IV, King of the South, met at the battle of Raphia (217 B.C.). Ptolemy IV was victorious but did not follow through, and sixteen years later Antiochus III avenged himself and defeated Egypt. (KC 128)
  • In 217 B.C., Ptolemy IV met Antiochus at Raphia near the Palestine-Egyptian border. (4BC 868)
  • Ptolemy Philopator succeeded his father Euergetes in the kingdom of Egypt, being advanced to the crown not long after Antiochus Magnus had succeeded his brother in the government of Syria. He was an ease-loving and vicious prince, but was at length aroused at the prospect of an invasion of Egypt by Antiochus. He was indeed "moved with choler" because of the losses he had sustained and the danger which threatened him. (US 239-241)

"...he shall set forth a great multitude..."

  • Polybius, the leading ancient historian for this period, states that Antiochus' army numbered 62,000 infantry, 60,000 cavalry, and 102 elephants (History v. 79). Ptolemy's troops seem to have been of about the same number. (4BC 868)
  • He marshaled a large army to check the progress of the Syrian king, but the king of the north was also "to set forth a great multitude." The army of Antiochus, according to Polybius, amounted to 62,000 footmen, 6,000 horsemen, and 102 elephants. (US 241)

"...but the multitude shall be given into his hand."

  • The Battle of Raphia (217 B.C.), between Antiochus III and Ptolemy IV, resulted in a stinging defeat for [Antiochus III], who is reported to have lost 10,000 infantry and 300 cavalry, plus 4,000 prisoners. (4BC 868)
  • In this conflict, the Battle of Raphia, Antiochus was defeated, with nearly 14,000 soldiers and 4,000 taken prisoner, and his army was given into the hands of the king of the south - a fulfillment of prophecy. (US 241)