Daniel 11:6 Index
"And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times."
Research Material

"And in the end of years..."

  • Trying to bring peace between the two nations, Antiochus II, the grandson of Seleucus, married Bernice, the daughter of Ptolemy II, King of Egypt. (KC 127)
  • The prophetic view next focuses on a crisis about 35 years after the death of Seleucus I. (4BC 866)
  • There were frequent wars between the kings of Egypt and of Syria. Especially was this the case with Ptolemy Philadelphus, the second king of Egypt, and Antiochus Theos, third king of Syria. (US 237)

"...they shall join themselves together..."

  • Throughout Daniel 11 the King of the South and the King of the North will be referred to many times. The easiest way to understand these terms is to look at the geography. Daniel has been praying about his people and their going back to Jerusalem With Jerusalem being the center, the nations to the north are referred to as "King of the North" and from time to time different ones became dominant, such as Greece, Syria and Rome. Also the nations lying south of Jerusalem are mentioned as "King of the South." The most prominent would be Egypt. Egypt plays a major role in this chapter until about 31 B.C., when she was overthrown by Rome. Since that time Egypt has never been a literal dominant force. (KC 124-125)
  • The Scripture speaks of Spiritual Egypt (Revelation 11:8), because of her opposition to God's people, and Pharaoh's statement, "Who is the Lord, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I do not know the Lord, now will I let Israel go" (Exodus 5:2). Unlike the "King of the North", the "King of the South" remains constant. After 31 B.C., it represents the atheistic power of Egypt that lay to the south of Jerusalem.... Daniel 11 shows God's people being attacked by false religion from the north and atheistic beliefs from the south. The angel Gabriel told Daniel that the vision he was shown, concerning his people, would extend unto the latter days (Daniel 10:14). Since the vision is going to take us down through time, Go's people (Israel) will refer to the Jews until A.D. 31. After their rejection of the Messiah in A.D. 31, the term will refer to God's people. In Daniel 11:36-40 the "King of the South" appears again, this time not as (literal) Egypt, but as a power which will be against God's people in the last days and will destroy many (spiritual Egypt). (KC 125)
  • "King of the North" is the primary term used in Daniel 11. The north is where the rain was and the land was green, fertile, and desirable. The devil, being in opposition to God, said he would place his throne in the north. "For you have said in your heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will also sit on the mount of the congregation on the farthest sides of the north." (Isaiah 14:13). The land lying north of Jerusalem included such nations as Babylon, Greece, Syria and Rome, depending upon the time in history the Scripture is talking about. Each of these kingdoms would oppose the followers of God. Jeremiah prophesied that Babylon would come out of the north, "Behold I will send and take all the families of the north, says the Lord, and Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land, against its inhabitants, and against these nations all around." (Jeremiah 25:9). Today Babylon lies in ruins but the New Testament talks about Spiritual Babylon. "And on her forehead a name was written: Mystery, Babylon the Great, the Mother of Harlots and of the Abominations of the Earth." (Revelation 17:5). As we progress through Daniel 11 we will see these powers in opposition to ne another and both hindering the cause of God upon the earth. With the breaking up of the Grecian Empire, two powers arise -- Egypt in the south and Syria in the north. Daniel will describe the interchange between these tow kingdoms. (KC 125-126)
  • To solidify peace between the two kingdoms after a long and costly war, Antiochus II Theos (261-246 B.C.), grandson of Seleucus I, married Berenice, a daughter of the Egyptian king, Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Antiochus also deposed his former wife and sister, Laodice, from her position of priority and debarred her children from succession to the throne. (4BC 866)
  • They at length agreed to make peace upon condition that Antiochus should put away his former wife, Laodice, and her two sons, and should marry Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus. Ptolemy accordingly brought his daughter to Antiochus, bestowing with her an immense dowry. (US 237)

"...king of the North..."

  • This term is used here for the first time in this prophecy. In the present context it refers to the Seleucids, whose territories were north of Palestine. The then "king of the north" was Seleucids II Callinicus (246-226 B.C.), son of Antiochus II and Laodice. (4BC 866)

"...but she shall not retain the power of the arm..."

  • Also, Antiochus II expelled his former wife, Laodice. After a son was born to Bernice and Antiochus II, Laodice and Antiochus II were able to patch up their differences, or so the king thought. But Laodice had Bernice and her infant son killed, plus all her servants, and then poisoned Antiochus II. (KC 128)
  • After a son had been born to the new marriage, a reconciliation was effected between Antiochus and Laodice. (4BC 866)
  • ...that is, her interest and power with Antiochus. So it proved; for shortly afterward, Antiochus brought back to the court his former wife Laodice and her children. (US 237)

"...neither shall he stand..."

  • Antiochus died suddenly, poisoned, according to popular opinion, by Laodice. (4BC 866)

"...nor his arm..."

  • Or "seed." This would the refer to Antiochus' son by Berenice, whom Laodice had killed. (4BC 866)
  • Then says the prophecy, "Neither shall he [Antiochus] stand, nor his arm," or posterity. Laodice, being restored to favor and power, feared lest in the fickleness of his temper Antiochus should again disgrace her by recalling Berenice. Concluding that nothing short of his death would be an effectual safeguard against such a contingency, she caused him to be poisoned shortly afterward. Neither did his children by Berenice succeed him in the kingdom, for Laodice so managed affairs as to obtain the throne for her eldest son Seleucus Callinicus. (US 237)

"...but she shall be given up..."

  • Berenice, who along with her infant son was killed by the henchmen of Laodice. (4BC 866-867)
  • "But she [Berenice] shall be given up." Laodice, not content with poisoning her husband Antiochus, caused Berenice and her infant son to be murdered. (US 237)

"...and they that brought her..."

  • Many of Berenice's Egyptian ladies in waiting perished with her. (4BC 867)
  • All of her Egyptian women and attendants, in endeavoring to defend her, were slain with her. (US 237)

"...and he that begat her..."

  • This would of course apply to Berenice's father, Ptolemy II, who had died shortly before in Egypt. (4BC 467)

"...and he that strengthened her in these times."

  • Referring back to Antiochus, Berenice's husband. (4BC 867)
  • Doubtless her husband, Antiochus, [and] those who took her part and defended her. (US 237)