Daniel 11:4 Index
"And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those."
Research Material

"...when he stand up..."

  • Alexander had scarcely reached the pinnacle of his power when he was cut down. In 323 B.C., this king who ruled from the Adriatic to the Indus suddenly fell ill, and 11 days later was dead (Daniel 7:6). (4BC 865)
  • But [Alexander] exhausted his energies in rioting and drunkenness, and when he died in 323 B.C., his vainglorious and ambitious projects went into sudden and total eclipse. (US 234)

"...his kingdom shall be broken..."

  • Alexander left no one in his immediate family who could be expected to hold together the territories he had won. Some of the leading generals tried, for a number of years, to hold the empire intact in the name of Alexander's half brother and his posthumous son (both under regents),but in less than 25 years after 'Alexander's death, a coalition of four generals had defeated Antigonus, the last aspirant to the control of the whole empire, and Alexander's territory was divided into four kingdoms (later reduced to three). (Daniel 7:7 and Daniel 8:22). (4BC 865-866)

"...shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven..."

  • Representing the four quarters of the compass. The same division is represented by the four heads of the leopard (Daniel 7:6) and by the four horns of the goat (Daniel 8:8 and Daniel 8:22). (4BC 866)
  • "After the death of Antigonus [301 B.C.], the four confederated princes divided his dominions between them; and hereby the whole empire of Alexander became parted, and settled into four kingdoms. Ptolemy had Egypt, Libya, Arabia, Coele-Syria, and Palestine; Cassander, Macedon and Greece; Lysimachus, Thrace, Bithynia, and some other of the provinces beyond the Hellespont and the Bosphorus; and Seleucus all the rest. And these four were the four hors of the he-goat mentioned in the prophecies of the prophet Daniel, which grew up after the breaking off of the first horn. The first horn was Alexander, king of Grecia, who overthrew the kingdom of the Medes and Persians; and the other four horns were these four kings, who sprung up after him, and divided the empire between them. And these also were the four heads of the leopard, spoken of in another place of the same prophecies. And their four kingdoms were the four parts, into which, according to the same prophet, the 'kingdom of the mighty king (i. e. of Alexander) should be broken, and divided toward (i. e, according to the number of) the four winds of heaven, among those four kings, "who should not be of his posterity,' as neither of the four above-mentioned were. And therefore, by this last partition of the empire of Alexander, were all these prophecies exactly fulfilled." (Humphrey Prideaux, The Old and New Testament Connected in the History of the Jews, Vol. I, p. 415). (US 235)

"...not to his posterity..."

  • Alexander's posthumous son was called king, but he was killed while still a child, in the struggle between the generals over the actual rule of the empire. Thus there was no descendant of Alexander who ruled. (4BC 866)
  • The Grecian Empire did not go to to Alexander's sons. Within a few years after his death, all his posterity had fallen victims to the jealousy and ambition of his leading generals, who tore the kingdom into four parts. How short is the transit from the highest pinnacle of earthly glory to the lowest depths of oblivion and death! Alexander's four leading generals - Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy - took possession of the empire. (US 234)