Daniel 11:3 Index
"And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will."
Research Material

INTRODUCTION:

  • The first two verses of the eleventh chapter of Daniel outline the history of the second kingdom, Medo-Persia. That portion of the chapter included in verses three to thirteen records the history of the third kingdom, Greece. Those things which are "noted in the Scripture of truth" (Daniel 11:14) concerning Greece are the things which Gabriel made known to Daniel (Habakuk 2:2 and Habakuk 2:3). The prophet had found it difficult to grasp the full significance of the symbols used in previous visions to represent the kingdoms of the world, and so in this last interview between the servant of God and the angel of prophecy, symbols are laid aside, and the history is repeated in plain language. (Isaiah 8:1; Isaiah 30:8). (SNH 203)
  • Notwithstanding the fact that Gabriel gives the prophecy in a plain narrative, the very words he uses, and the facts which he selects from the multitude of events which actually took place, have a significance. In reading God's Word in any of its parts there is first to be found the story which lies on the surface; and secondly, the deeper meaning, which is just as truly there, but which must be sought for as with a lighted candle (Proverbs 30:5; Proverbs 2:1-5; Isaiah 45:22). It is hoped that the reader may bat least catch a glimpse of the deep spiritual lessons while reading the plain narrative of events. (SNH 204)
  • God had a purpose when He gave the history of the four kingdoms: Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. There is an incentive to understand these prophecies in the very fact that each nation is represented in a variety of ways, revealing different characteristics. And since Daniel is a prophet for the latter days (2 Peter 1:21; Daniel 12:4; Daniel 12:13), there is an increased desire to read not only the history, but God's purpose in tracing the history with such unerring accuracy. Babylon, as a nation, as has been seen from the study of Daniel in connection with Revelation, represents a condition of things which will exist in the church of the last days. Great was the splendor of that kingdom, but she was a harlot, and the mother of harlots. Above the city Heaven say the words, "Mystery of iniquity" (Revelation 17:5) for she made all nations drunk with the wine of her fornication (Revelation 18:2; Revelation 18:3; Ezekiel 23:17). (SNH 204)
  • Medo-Persia was a daughter of Babylon, and she played the harlot also; that is, she partook of the sins of Babylon, and departed from the living God (Isaiah 57:9). The principles of the religion of Babylon were carried out by the daughter, though the wickedness was in a measure checked by the constant presence of angels in the court, who labored in behalf of the chosen people of God (Daniel 10:13); but the constant tendency toward tyranny and oppression in the government is revealed in the decree of Ahasuerus in the days of Esther (Esther 3:13). (SNH 204-205)
  • As Medo-Persia had an important part to play in connection with God's people, and while her part differed from the dealings of Babylon with that same people, so the Greek nation was called of God to do a work - a specific work. She, [too], was a daughter of Babylon, partaking of her sins; but these sins, while the same, led to different outward manifestations than in Medo-Persia. Like children of the same family, each reproducing the character of the parents, yet differing widely from one another, so Greece, Medo-Persia, and Rome are three sisters, daughters of the same mother, but each endowed with special features and strong peculiarities. (Isaiah 1:4; Isaiah 57:3; Isaiah 57:4; Lamenations 2:9) (SNH 205)
  • Greece spans the gulf between the Old and the New Testament. Its principal work as a nation was done during the time when there was no prophet in Israel, the period between Malachi and Christ, hence the book of Daniel is the only portion of the Bible which deals with this nation. The history of Greece can be traced to Javan of the family of Japheth (Genesis 10:2, 4), who, with his sons, settled in the islands of the Mediterranean. The natural division of the country by the bays and mountains developed many independent or semi-independent tribes, but they had one common language and one religion. (SNH 205)

"...a mighty king..."

  • Alexander the Great's dominion was the largest empire the world had known at that time. This monarch who ruled from the Adriatic to India had hardly reached the height of his power when suddenly he fell ill; eleven days later he was dead, leaving no on in his immediate family to take control of the country. Finally, through a confederation of four generals, Alexander's domain was divided into four kingdoms, representing the same divisions as the four heads on the leopard in Daniel 7:6, and the four horns on the goat in Daniel 8:8. (KC 124)
  • Or "a valiant [warrior] king." This clearly refers to Alexander the Great (336-323 B.C.). (4BC 865)
  • Xerxes was the last Persian king to invade Greece; and now the prophecy passes over nine minor rulers to introduce the "might king," Alexander the Great. (US 234)

"...shall rule with great dominion..."

  • Alexander's dominion extended from Macedonia and Greece to northwestern India, from Egypt to the Jaxartes River east of the Caspian Sea -- the largest empire the world had yet known (Daniel 2:39; Daniel 7:6). (4BC 865)

"...and do according to his will."

  • After overthrowing the Persian Empire,Alexander "became absolute lord of that empire in the utmost extent in which it was ever possessed by any of the Persian kings." (Humphrey Prideaux, The Old and New Testament Connected in the History of the Jews, Vol. I, p. 378). His dominion comprised "the greater portion of the then-known habitable world." How well he has been described as "a mighty king,... that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will." (US 234)