Daniel 10:20 Index
"Then said he, 'Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.'"
Research Material

"...knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee..."

  • The prophet is at length strengthened to hear in full the communication which the angel has to make. Gabriel says, "Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee?" Do you understand my purpose so that you will no more fear? (US 230)

"...I return to fight with the prince of Persia..."

  • ...It seems certain... that the angel is here speaking of further conflict between himself and the "prince of Persia." That this struggle did continue long after the time of Daniel's vision is shown by Ezra 4:4-24. "The forces of the enemy were held in check all the days of Cyrus, and all the days of his son Cambyses, who reigned about seven and a half years." (PK 572). (4BC 861)
  • He then announced his intention to return, as soon as his communication was complete, to fight with the king of Persia.... the angel of God would stand on the side of the Persian kingdom as long as it was in the providence of God that that kingdom should continue. (US 230-231)

"...the prince of Persia...

  • Nations rise and fall at the hand of God. The angel of God told Daniel that he was going back to continue wrestling with the power of darkness for the mind of the King of Persia. As long as the angel of God held back the winds of strife the empire of Persia existed. As the Scripture points out, "...and when I have gone forth..." the prince of Greece (Alexander the Great) invaded the Persian Empire and it soon passed into history. (KC 121)

"...the prince of Grecia shall come."

  • ...The angel had told Daniel that he was returning to continue the struggle with the powers of darkness that contended for control of the mind of the king of Persia. Then he looked further toward the future and indicated that when he finally would withdraw from the struggle, a revolution would ensue in world affairs. As long as God's angel held at bay the evil forces seeking to dominate the Persian government, that empire stood. But when divine influence was withdrawn and the control of the leaders of the nation was left entirely to the powers of darkness, ruin for their empire quickly followed. Led by Alexander, the armies of Greece swept over the world and quickly extinguished the Persian Empire.... The truth stated by the angel in this verse throws light on the revelation that follows. The ensuing prophecy, a record of war upon war, assumes greater meaning when understood in the light of what the angel has here observed. While men struggle with one another for earthly power, behind the scenes, and hidden from human eyes, an even greater struggle is going on of which the ebb and flow of earthly affairs is a reflection (Ed 173). As God's people are shown to be preserved throughout their troubled history -- recorded prophetically by Daniel -- so it is sure that in the greater struggle, the legions of light will have the victory over the powers of darkness. (4BC 861-862)
  • "And when I am gone forth," continued Gabriel, "lo, the prince of Grecia shall come." That is, when the providence of God operates in behalf of another kingdom, the prince of Grecia shall come, and the Persian monarchy shall be overthrown. (US 231)