Daniel 9:27 Index
"And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations He shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."
Research Material

"...He shall confirm the covenant..."

  1. The "He" here spoken of is the Messiah of the preceding verses. Interpreting the verse thus makes the entire 70 weeks, or 490 years, of prophecy a consistent, continuous unit. The statements made meet a unique fulfillment in the time of the Messiah. The confirming of the covenant may be considered to be the continuation of the Jewish nation as the chosen people of God through the period named. [It can also be] the "confirming" of the everlasting convenient (Daniel 11:28). (4BC 854)

"...for one week..."

  1. This week, the 70th, began in A.D. 27 with the opening of Christ's public ministry at the time of His baptism. It extended beyond the crucifixion "in the midst of the week," in the spring of A.D. 31, to the rejection of the Jews as the covenant people in the autumn of A.D. 34. The "vineyard" was then "let out... unto other husbandmen" (Matthew 21:41; Isaiah 5:1-7; GC 328; GC 410). For about 3 1/2 years the authorities in Jerusalem tolerated the preaching of the apostles, but their spite was finally translated into decisive action in the stoning of Stephen, the first Christian martyr, and the general persecution that then broke upon the church. Until this time the apostles and other Christian workers appear to have confined their efforts largely to the immediate vicinity of Jerusalem (Acts 1:8; 8:1) (4BC 854-855)
  2. Inasmuch as the 70 weeks, or 490 years are part of the longer period of 2300 years, and inasmuch as the first 490 years of the period extend to the autumn of A.D. 34, it is possible to calculate the ending date of the 2300 years. Adding the remaining 1810 years of the 2300 years to A.D. 34 brings us to the autumn of 1844 as the time when the heavenly sanctuary would be "cleansed" (Daniel 8:14). It is to be noted, also, that the fulfillment of the predictions of the prophecy concerning the 70 weeks was to "seal up the vision" (Daniel 9:24), that is, the vision of the longer period of 2300 days (Daniel 9:21). The accurate fulfillment of events foretold for the 70th week, having to do with the ministry and crucifixion of our Lord, provides incontestable evidence of the certainty of events at the close of the 2300 days. (4BC 855)

"...in the midst of the week..."

  1. The midst of the week would be the Passover season of A.D. 31, 3 1/2 years after Christ's baptism in the autumn of A.D. 27 (Matthew 4:12). (4BC 855)
  2. "In the midst of the week," said the angel to Daniel, "He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease." At the time of the passover feast, in the spring of 31 A.D., three and one-half years after His baptism, Christ was crucified by the very people He had tried to save. As His life went out, the inner veil of the temple was rent from the top to the bottom. The mercy seat, seen only by the high priest once each year, was laid open to the gaze of the multitudes. The knife fell from the hand of the priest, and the sacrificial lamb escaped. God had withdrawn His presence from the temple (Matthew 23:38). The Lamb of God Himself had been slain, and sacrifice and oblation were forever done away. Those ceremonies which had shadowed forth the death of the Saviour, ceased at the cross (Hebrews 10:1; Colossians 2:17). This was in the midst of the last week of the weeks prophetic seventy weeks. (SNH 149-150)
  3. Mercy still lingered over the Jewish people; there was yet a little time in which to repent. What was not accomplished in the person of Christ, God, sending His Holy Spirit, sought to accomplish through His disciples. Humble fisherman imbued with the power of God taught the people concerning a crucified and risen Saviour. In one day three thousand accept the message. (Luke 23:47). When many believed, the enmity of Satan was again aroused. (SNH 150)

"...the sacrifice and the oblation to cease..."

  1. The sacrifices met their anti-typical fulfillment in the voluntary sacrifice of Christ. The rending of the Temple veil by an unseen hand at the instant of Christ's death was heaven's announcement that the sacrifice and oblations had lost their significance. (4BC 855)

"...and for the overspreading of abominations..."

  1. Here the desolater is poetically pictured as being carried along upon the wing of abominations. This has reference in part at least to the horrors and atrocities that were perpetrated upon the Jewish nation by the Romans in A.D. 70. (4BC 855)

"...even until the consummation..."

  1. That is, the end of that which was to come upon the Jewish nation. Sad was the fate of those who rejected their hope of salvation. (4BC 855)
  2. In 34 A.D., Stephen was stoned, and as the result of the severe persecution which followed, the believers were driven from Jerusalem and "went everywhere preaching the word." Israel had withdrawn from God, and His spirit could not longer protect them. In less than forty years the city was captured by the army of Titus, the temple was burned, and the Jews were scattered to the ends of the earth (Daniel 9:26), there to remain until the consummation of all things at the time determined. (Hebrews 2:3). (SNH 150)

"...that determined shall be poured upon the desolate..."

  • Or "desolater." The desolater himself would eventually be destroyed (Matthew 23:38). (4BC 855)
  • After stating the great events connected with our Lord's mission here upon the earth, the prophet in the last part of Daniel 9:27 speaks of the soon-following destruction of Jerusalem by the Roman power; and finally of the destruction of that power itself, called in the margin "the desolator." (US 223)