Daniel 8:13 Index
"Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, 'How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?'"
Research Material

"...the daily sacrifice..."

  • We have proof... that "sacrifice" is the wrong word to be supplied in connection with the word "daily." If the taking away of the daily sacrifice of the Jewish service is here meant, as some suppose (which sacrifice was at a certain point of time taken away), there would be no propriety in the question, How long shall be the vision concerning it? This question evidently implies that those agents or events to which the vision relates occupy a series of years. Continuance of time is the central idea. The whole time of the vision is filled by what is here called the "daily" and the "transgression of desolation." Hence the daily cannot be the daily sacrifice of the Jews, for when the time came for it to be taken away, that action occupied but an instant of time, when the veil of the temple was rent in twain at the crucifixion of Christ. It must denote something which extends over a period of years. (US 164)
  • The word here rendered "daily" occurs in the Old Testament one hundred and two times, according to the Hebrew concordance. In the great majority of instances it is rendered "continual" or "continually." The idea of sacrifice is not attached to the word at all.... the sacrifices of the Jews [are] not being referred to at all..... it appears to be more in accordance with both the construction and the context to suppose that the word "daily" refers to a desolating power, like the "transgression of desolation," with which it is connected. Then we have two desolating powers, which for a long period oppress, or desolate , the church. Literally, the text may be rendered, "How long shall be the vision concerning [the continuance] and the transgression of desolation?" - the word "desolation" being related to both "continuance" and "transgression," as though it were expressed in full thus: "The continuance of desolation and the transgression of desolation." (US 164-165)

"...How long shall be the vision..."

  • The universe has waited now six thousand years for the final issue between truth and error. It is not strange that angelic hosts wonder when the struggle will end, and when the song of songs can be taken up by the choir of heaven. These times are hidden with the Father, but man may understand some of the secrets of the Almighty. The interest Heaven manifests in these scenes of earth is shown in Daniel 8:13. One angel called to Gabriel, asking, "How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice [pagan Rome], and the transgression of desolation [the papacy], to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?" And Gabriel answered, "Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." (Daniel 8:14). (SNH 129-130)
  • Daniel 8:13 and Daniel 8:14 close the vision proper. They introduce the one remaining point which of all others would naturally be of most absorbing interest to the prophet and to the church, namely, the length of time the desolating powers previously brought to view were to continue. How long shall they continue their course of oppression against God's people? If time had been given, Daniel might have asked this question himself, but God ever anticipates our desires, and sometimes answers them before we ask....(US 162)
  • Two celestial beings converse upon this subject. This is an important matter which the church should understand well. Daniel heard one saint speaking. What this saint said, we are not informed. But another saint asked an important question: "How long shall be the vision?" Both the question and the answer are placed upon record, which is prima facie evidence that this is a matter the church should understand. This view is further confirmed by the fact that the answer was addressed to Daniel, as the one whom it chiefly concerned, and for whose information it was given. (US 162)

"...the transgression of desolation..." (Daniel 8:9-11, 14)

  • This term covers both pagan and papal systems of false religion in conflict with the religion of God. (4BC 843)
  • By the "continuance of desolation," or the perpetual desolation, we understand that paganism, through all its history, is meant. When we consider the long ages through which paganism had been the chief agency of Satan's opposition to the work of God in the earth, the propriety of the term "continuance" or "perpetual," as applied to it, becomes apparent. We likewise understand that "the transgression of desolation" means the papacy. The phase describing this latter power is stronger than that used to describe paganism. It is the transgression (or rebellion, as the word also means) of desolation; as if under this period of the history of the church the desolating power had rebelled against all restraint previously imposed upon it. (US 165)
  • From a religious point of view, the world has presented these two strong phases of opposition against the Lord's work in the earth. Hence, although three earthly governments are introduced in the prophecy as oppressors of the church, they are here ranged under tow heads: "the daily" and the "transgression of desolation." Medo-Persia was pagan; Grecia was pagan; Rome in its first phase was pagan. These were all embraced in "the daily." Then comes the papal form, the "transgression of desolation," a marvel of craft and cunning, an incarnation of cruelty. No wonder the cry has gone up from suffering martyrs from age to age, "How long, O Lord, how long?" (Revelation 6:10). No wonder the Lord, in order that hope might not wholly die out of the hearts of His downtrodden waiting people, has shown them the future events of the world's history. All these persecuting powers shall meet an utter and everlasting destruction. For the redeemed there are unfading glories beyond the suffering and sorrow of this present life. (US 165-166)
    • The Lord's eye is upon His people. The furnace will be heated no hotter than is necessary to consume the dross. It is through much tribulation that we are to enter the kingdom. The word "tribulation" is from tribulum a threshing sledge. Blow after blow must be laid upon us, until all the wheat is beaten free from the chaff, an we are made fit for the heavenly garner. But not a kernel of wheat will be lost. (US 166)
    • Says the Lord to His people, "Ye are the light of the world" (Matthew 5:14), "the salt of the earth" (Matthew 5:13). In His eyes there is nothing else on the earth of consequence or importance. Hence the peculiar question here asked, "How long... the vision concerning the daily and the transgression of desolation?" Concerning what? - the glory of earthly kingdoms? the skill of renowned warriors? the fame of mighty conquerors? the greatness of human empire? - No, but concerning the sanctuary and the host, the people and the worship of the Most High. How long shall they be trodden underfoot? Here is where all heaven's interest and sympathy are enlisted. (US 166)
    • He who touches the people of God, touches not mere mortals, weak and helpless, but Omnipotence. He opens an account which must be settled in the judgment of heaven. Soon all these accounts will be adjusted and the iron heel of oppression will be crushed. A people will be brought out of the furnace of affliction prepared to shine as the stars forever and ever. Every child of God is an object of interest to heavenly beings, one whom God loves and for whom He is preparing a crown with immortality hereafter.... Are you one of the number? (US 166)