Daniel 8:8 Index
"Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven."
Research Material

"...the he goat waxed very great..."

  • Or "magnified himself exceedingly" (4BC 840)
  • The conqueror is greater than the conquered. The ram, Medo-Persia, became "great" (Daniel 8:4); the goat, Greece, became "very great"(Daniel 8:8). (US 153)

"...when he was strong..."

  • Prophecy foretells that Alexander would fall while his empire was at the height of its power. At the age of 32, still in the prime of life, the great leader died of a fever aggravated, no doubt, by his own intemperance. (4BC 840)

"...the great horn was broken..."

  • HORNS: "Horns" is frequently used to symbolize divisions, or nations, that develop out of a great parent kingdom. Thus the ten horns appearing on the fourth beast of Daniel 7 (compare the paralleling beasts of Revelation 13 and Revelation 17) are expressly stated to be ten kingdoms; or divisions, that would arise out of the territory of the fourth world kingdom. (Froom 33)
  • Alexander stands without a rival for the rapidity of his conquests. He was but a young man of twenty when, by the death of his father, Philip of Macedon, he fell heir to a small dominion. He united the Greek states, placed himself at the head of affairs, and led her armies in a series of wonderful victories. In the space of a few short years he was the recognized master of the world. He who rose to the highest position the world could offer, fell equally as suddenly. He had conquered kingdoms, but was not master of his own passions. His love of praise led him to have himself proclaimed Son of Jupiter-Ammon in Egypt, and his love of drink caused his death at the age of thirty-two years, after a universal reign of only two years. Such was the fate of one who feared neither God no man. "The Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men" (Daniel 4:17; Psalms 75:6, 7; 1 Samuel 2:7, 9; 14:6; 2 Chronicles 14:11: Job 12:23-25; Psalm 20:7; 33:16-18; 44:6; Isaiah 9:3; 26:15; Daniel 2:21; 5:21). (SNH 123-124)
  • Human foresight and speculation would have said, When he becomes weak... then the horn will be broken.... But Daniel saw it broken in the prime of its strength, at the height of its power.... The horn of [Alexander's] strength [was] broken when [he thought it would] stand firm. [So it is with many of those who know not the God of their salvation.) The Scriptures says, "Let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall" (1 Corinthians 10:12). (US 154-155)

"...for it came up four notable ones..." (Daniel 7:6; 8:22; 11:3, 4)

  • Alexander left no heir capable of ruling the kingdom, and in less than twenty years of strife, his four leading generals succeeded in dividing the empire among themselves. (SNH 124)
  • Ptolemy took Egypt and the southern territory; Seleucus took Syria and the eastern division; Lysimachus took Asia Minor and territory to the north; while Cassander took possession of Greece, the western division. These four men had not the power of Alexander. The prophetic history of these four divisions is given in Daniel 11. (SNH 125)
  • After Alexander's death there arose much contention among his followers respecting the succession. After a seven days' contest, it was agreed that his natural brother, Philip Arideaus, should be declared king. By him, and by Alexander's infant son, Alexander Aegus and Hercules, the name and show of the Macedonian Empire were for a time sustained. But the boys were soon murdered, and the family of Alexander became extinct. Then the chief commanders of the army, who had gone into different parts of the empire as governors of the provinces, assumed the title of king. They at once began warring against one another to such a degree that within a few years after Alexander's death, the number was reduced to four -- the exact number specified in the prophecy.... Four notable horns were to come up toward the four winds of heaven in place of the great horn that was broken. These were Cassander, who had Greece and the neighboring countries; Lysimachus, who had Asia Minor; Seleucus, who had Syria and Babylon, and from whom came the line of kings know as the "Seleucidae," so famous in history; and Ptolemy, son of Lagus, who had Egypt, and from who sprang the "Lagidae." These held dominion toward the four winds of heaven. Cassander had the western countries, Lysimachus the northern regions, Seleucus the eastern countries, and Ptolemy the southern portion of the empire. These four horns may therefor be named Macedonia, Thrace (which then included Asia Minor), and those parts lying on the Hellespont and the Bosphorus, Syria, and Egypt. (US 155)