Daniel 8:5 Index
"And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes."
Research Material

"And as I was considering, behold..."

  • Nevertheless, the greatness of the second kingdom did not insure length of life, and the prophet was shown a he goat coming from the west, and, as Spurrell's translation give it, "rushing over the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground." The goat had a notable horn between his eyes. In the interpretation the angle said, "the rough goat is the king of Grecia, and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king" (Daniel 8:21). The kingdom of Greece was described in the previous vision (Daniel 7:6), but at the time now under consideration, the details of its rise are given. Daniel 11:13 states that the fourth kingdom after Cyrus would stir up the nations against Greece. This was done when Xerxes crossed the Hellespont with a large army in 480 B.C. His army is said by Herodotus to have numbered over a million and a half. It was a gathering of nations, and so vast was the army that seven days were required to pass from Asia to Greek soil. But in spite of all preparations, the Persian army was defeated at Thermopylae, at Salamis, and at Plataea, and Xeres, discouraged and disheartened, gave over the attempt to invade Greece. Prophecy had foretold that when Medo-Persia and Greece should contend, Greece would be the aggressive power. (SNH 121-122)
  • "As I was considering," said the prophet. Here is an example for every lover of truth and all who have any regard for spiritual things. When Moses saw the burning bush, he said, "I will now turn aside, and see this great sight" (Exodus 3:3). How few are willing at the present time to turn aside from their pursuit of business or pleasure to consider the important themes which God seeks to bring to their attention. (US 151)

"...an he goat..."

  • Daniel 8:21, 22 identify the male goat... Alexander the Great forged the Grecian Empire. The "...notable horn..." describes his leadership, and the goat "...without touching the ground..." describes the swiftness with which he conquered. "...The large horn was broken; and in place of it four notable ones came up..." (Daniel 8:8), was played out in history by each of Alexander's four leading generals receiving a portion of the Grecian Empire. Seleucus became ruler in the East over Syria, Lysimachus ruled in the North over Palestine, Cassander ruled in the West over Macedonia, and Ptolemy ruled in the South over Egypt. (KC 97-98)
  • Identified as representing Greece (Daniel 8:25), that is the Macedonian Empire of Alexander (Daniel 7:6). (4BC 840)
  • The symbol here introduced is explained to Daniel by the angel. "The rough goat is the king [or kingdom] of Grecia." (Daniel 8:21). Concerning the fitness of this symbol to represent the Grecian, or Macedonian, people, Thomas Newton observes the the Macedonians, "about two hundred years before Daniel, were denominated Aegeadae, or the goat's people." He explains the origin of the name as recounted by heathen authors: "Caranus, their first king, going with a great multitude of Greeks to seek new habitations in Macedonia, was commanded by the oracle to take the goats for his guides to empire: and afterwards seeing a herd of goats flying from a violent storm, he followed them to Edessa, and there fixed the seat of his empire, made the goats his ensigns or standards, and called the city Aegeae, or the goat's town, and the people Aegeadae, or the goat's people..... The city of Aegeae, or Aegae, was the usual burying place of the Macedonian kings. It is also very remarkable that Alexander's son by Roxana was named Alexander Aegus, or the son of the goat; and some of Alexander's successors are represented [on] their coins with goat's horns." (Thomas Newton, Dissertations on the Prophecies, Vol. I, pp. 303, 304) (US 151-152)

"...from the west..."

  • Greece lay west of the Persian Empire. (4BC 840)
  • The "goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth." That is, Greece lay west of Persia and attacked from that direction. The Greek army swept everything on the face of the earth before it. (US 152)

"...touched not the ground..."

  • This description of great swiftness appropriately depicts the astonishing speed and completeness of Alexander's conquests. (Daniel 7:6). (4BC 840)
  • ...Such was the marvelous celerity of his movements that he seemed to fly from point to point with the swiftness of the wind. The same characteristic of speed is indicated by the four wings of the leopard in the vision of Daniel 7, representing the same nation. (US 152)

"...a notable horn between his eyes."

  • HORNS: "Horns" is frequently used to symbolize divisions, or nations, that develop out of a great parent kingdom. Thus the ten horns appearing on the fourth beast of Daniel 7 (compare the paralleling beasts of Revelation 13 and Revelation 17) are expressly stated to be ten kingdoms; or divisions, that would arise out of the territory of the fourth world kingdom. (Froom 33)
  • According to Daniel 8:22 this notable horn represents the first great Grecian king, that is Alexander the Great (Daniel 7:6). (4BC 840)
  • The notable horn between his eyes is explained in Daniel 8:21 to be the first king of the Macedonian Empire. This king was Alexander the Great. (US 152)