Daniel 7:19 Index
"Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his mails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet."
Research Material

"...which was diverse from all the others..."

  • As these horns denote kingdoms, the little horn must denote a kingdom also, yet not the same nature, because it was "diverse" from the others. They were political kingdoms. Now we have but to inquire if, since A.D. 476, any kingdom has risen among the ten divisions of the Roman Empire which was diverse from them all; and if so, which one? The answer is, yes, the spiritual kingdom of the papacy. It answers to the symbol in every particular.... (US 117)
  • The little horn which gained power by plucking up three horns, was diverse from all the others. It had eyes "like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things;" his look also was more stout than his fellows.... Rome was dropping into ruin; her cities had been sacked, her government broken. As from the decaying log of the marsh the mushroom springs up in a night, gaining its life from the decay, so there arose in the Roman empire a power which was nourished by this national decay. This power was the little horn known as the papacy. (SNH 110)
  • Rome in the days of Christ was the center of the world. Paul and others preached the gospel in that city. A church was organized there and for years this church of Rome ranked with the churches of Jerusalem, Constantinople, and others. Gradually but surely, worldliness took the place of the Spirit of Christ, and Roman bishops became exalted. The mystery of iniquity of which Paul wrote in his letter to the Thessalonians, was at work in Rome. At the time of the division of the empire the bishops were greedy for civil power, and in the time of national distress the church grasped the reins of government; the little horn had received power. This was in A.D. 538, when the last of the three horns was plucked up, and the decree made by Justinian in 533, recognizing the bishop of Rome as head over all the churches, went into effect.... Paganism on the throne had been cruel enough, but when those pagan principles which had lived since the days of Babylon took the name and outward form of Christianity, the power which bore sway was still more cruel. Not only would the little horn speak stout words against the Most High, but it would "think to change times and laws" (Daniel 7:25). (SNH 110-111)Unholy hands had been laid in years past upon the temple of God and the consecrated vessels in the temple, and upon God's people, but the little horn laid hands upon the very law of God, attempting to change the Sabbath of the fourth commandment. The little horn had all the power of Babylon. In government it was an absolute monarchy, holding authority over all the thrones of Europe. Kings rose and fell at the dictates of Rome. From a religious viewpoint, it was the ruling power, dictating to the consciences of men, bringing them before its tribunal and peering into their very thoughts. The rack and the inquisition were its instruments, and no man escaped the scrutiny of the man's eyes in the little horn. The means by which this power was maintained was its system of education, which kept Europe in darkness for over one thousand years. (SNH 111)

"...I would know the truth..." (Daniel 7:7)

  • Daniel repeats the specifications earlier described. He is particularly interested in the fourth beast so different in appearance and activity from the preceding. His query dramatically focuses attention on the great persecuting power of history. (Daniel 7:24, 25). (4BC 830)
  • Of the first three beasts in this vision, Daniel had a clear understanding. But he was astonished at the fourth beast, because of its unnatural and dreadful character. It was of this beast and its ten horns, more particularly of the little horn which came up last, "whose look was more stout than his fellows," that he desired further information. The lion is a production of nature, but it must have the addition of two wings to represent the kingdom of Babylon. The bear we also find in nature, but as a symbol of Medo-Persia an unnatural ferocity must be denoted by the three ribs in its mouth. So the leopard is a beast of nature, yet fitly to represent Grecia, four wings and three more heads must be added. But nature furnishes no symbol which can fitly illustrate the fourth kingdom. The vision therefore introduces a beast the likeness of which was never before seen, a beast dreadful and terrible, with nails of brass, and teeth of iron, so cruel, rapacious, and fierce that from mere love of oppression it devoured, and broke in pieces, and trampled its victims beneath its feet. (US 116)

"...the fourth beast..."

  • BEAST: Another term, common to symbolic Bible prophecy, is that of "beasts." Nations were effectively cartooned or portrayed by various well-known or unknown beasts, just as some are today: the British lion, the Russian bear, or the American eagle. In Daniel's day a lion, a bear, a leopard, and a fearful monster without an earthly replica appeared in Daniel 7, and the ram and he-goat of Daniel 8 are expressly explained by the prophet as symbols, respectively, of "Media and Persia" and "Grecia" (Daniel 8:20, 21). Similar "beasts" are pictured in the Revelation. These terms are not epithets of derision; they are simply the divine method of cartooning nations and their careers through the centuries. So a prophetic "beast" merely means a kingdom or nation, no more and no less. (Froom 32-33)