Daniel 5:4 Index
They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Research Material

"...praised the gods of..."

  • The temple vessels had been dedicated to the Lord to be used in the service of the Sanctuary. They were always treated with utmost respect and reverence. Even Nebuchadnezzar treated them with esteem. When Belshazzar drank intoxicating drinks from them in worship to a false god, this was an insulting sacrilege and the God of Israel pulled won the curtain on the kingdom of Babylon. (KC 62-63)
  • The songs of the drunken heathen were in honor of their Babylonian gods, whose images adorned the various temples of the city. (4BC 802)
  • That this festival had some reference to former victories over the Jews may be inferred from the fact that when the king began to be heated with his wine, he called for the sacred vessels which had been taken from Jerusalem. He would most likely use them to celebrate the victory by which they were obtained. Probably no other king had carried his impiety to such length as this. And while they drank wine from vessels dedicated to the true God, they praised their gods of gold, silver, brass, iron, wood, and stone. Perhaps, as we have noted in the comments on Daniel 3:29, they celebrated the superior power of their gods over the God of the Jews, from whose vessels they now drank to their heathen deities. (US 89-90)
  • When Belshazzar had his great sacrilegious feast, there was present in the splendid halls a witness which he did not discern. The revelers were drinking their wine, and partaking of their luxurious feast, and praising the gods of silver and gold, extolling their own wisdom, magnifying their deeds, and dishonoring God, but right over against the wall, facing the king, a bloodless hand was tracing the terrible characters testifying of his true condition: “Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.” (The Signs of the Times article "The Judgment of the Great Day" December 29, 1887)