Daniel 4:35 Index
"And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to His will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him, 'What doest thou?'"
Research Material

"...the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing..." (Deuteronomy 32:18; 1 Samuel 2:9, 14:6; Psalms 75:5-7; Matthews 22:18-23; Acts 10:34-35, 17:26, 27; Romans 13:1-7; Revelation 17:5)

  • The confession was a marvelous one, coming, as it did, from the mouth of the once proud monarch. It is the testimony of a penitent, convert, a statement from the heart of a man who had learned by experience to know and to revere God. (4BC 793)
  • The history of the Babylonian nation reveals to one who searches for hidden principles, all that is necessary in order to understand the relation of earthly governments to God, the dealings of God with all nations of the earth, and the attitude which men should assume toward God and toward earthly governments. These four principles can be learned from a study of the history of Babylon as recorded in the book of Daniel, and by the prophets who wrote concerning this kingdom. This is true, because in Babylon is seen in some respects the most complete development of the plans of Satan. Here were counterfeited the principles of the heavenly kingdom, and so much of the true metal was mingled with the alloy that an unusual strength was developed. In other words, the kingdom of Babylon was built and developed in accordance with laws which were in themselves divine; but since the greatest evil lies near to and is a perversion of the greatest good, so the perversion of the principles of the government of heaven made the strongest of earthly kingdoms. Built so that it was difficult for beings who were watching the progress of events to detect error, God, who never deals arbitrarily with men or angels, not even with Satan himself, allowed the Babylonian kingdom to run its natural course, that the world might have an object-lesson, and know forever after that truth brings life, but that the least perversion of truth, no matter how slight, brings death. (SNH 69-70)
  • In order to vindicate Himself before the universe, God bestowed all manner of blessings upon this earthly kingdom which Satan boastingly claimed as his own. Wisdom was given to the people of Babylon, the Holy Watcher protected the king on his throne, and God gave power to the ruler in battle, making him a conqueror. It was God who caused the tree to reach unto heaven, and gave strength and beauty to its branches. Everything by way of warning and entreaty was used by the Infinite Wisdom to cause the Babylonians to see the difference between the true and false, and lead them to choose the true. It is one of the most forcible commentaries in earth's history on the care of God for all, even the veriest sinner.... Had Babylon taken the proffered help, she would, in spite of all the power of Satan as prince of this world, have linked her throne with the throne of God, and would have been an everlasting kingdom. How easily might the history of the world have been changed!... People living in these last days, whether they be Christians or not, need not remain ignorant concerning their duty toward the civil government. Nations can not plead ignorance concerning their duty toward Christians, toward other nations, nor toward God, for the prophecies of Daniel explain it all. It is a book for rulers as well as for the common people. Babylon is an object-lesson to the nations which are in existence today. Her growth was according to the laws of the growth of nations; her failures describe the failures which are made today, and her destruction is a description of the end of all earthly kingdoms. (SNH 70-71)
  • Nations have a time of probation, as do individuals. A record is kept of national events, and when the cup of iniquity is full, destruction comes, and another power, more vigorous, because less corrupt, takes its place. "The Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men," whether He is recognized or not, and things which, to human eyes, appear to have happened by chance, are directly under the control of the Holy Watcher. The study of the book of Daniel demands, therefore, that we take time to trace the history of Babylon as a nation. (SNH 71)
  • A period of about twenty-five years intervenes between the close of Daniel 4 and the opening of Daniel 5. The reign of Nebuchadnezzar closed shortly after the restoration of his reason, as related in Daniel 4. From a worldly point of view, his had been a long and prosperous reign, and at its close there were no signs of weakening in the empire. Nebuchadnezzar had a son of age to fill the place of his father. No one questioned his right to the throne, and while they mourned the death of Nebuchadnezzar, apparently the subjects had much reason to rejoice over the succussion of the son. In the eyes of Heaven this history was a checkered one. There had been periods when a desire to know the right and rule justly were written opposite the name of the king. But these were followed by still longer periods when the voice of the Divine One was altogether unheeded. There was a record of wonderful providences, rich blessings, and bitter trials, all having one object, -- to turn the minds of the world to the only Source of life and power. If Heaven ever grows weary watching the struggles of nations, what must have been the burden as they saw this kingdom repeatedly choose the course which was leading to inevitable ruin? (SNH 71-72)
  • Evil-Merodach, the son of Nebuchadnezzar, is mentioned but twice in the Scriptures, and in each case reference is made to one act of his life. It seems strange that such a father should be followed by a son of whom so little is recorded, but it is gratifying to notice that when the silence is broken, it is to relate a deed of kindness. In the first year of his reign he took from prison Jehoiachin, the former king of Jerusalem, a man now fifty years of age, who had languished in bonds since a boy of eighteen. The Jewish ex-ruler was given clothing and a king's provisions, and exalted above other kings in Babylon all the remainder of his days. (2 Kings 25:27-30). (SNH 72)
  • Evil-Merodach had been raised in the Babylonian court, and had known the Jews and their history from his youth up. It wold not be an impossible thing that Daniel, made chief of the Chaldean wise men by Nebuchadnezzar, had been the instructor of the prince. While details are omitted, true it is that for some reason the destruction of Babylon was delayed beyond the reign of Evil-Merodach. His brief reign of two years was followed by an unsettled period, a most dangerous experience in a monarchy. (SNH 72-73)

"...none can stay His hand..."

  • Nebuchadnezzar did not profit by the warnings he received. Only through severest discipline did he learn the lesson that the Lord, and not man, is ruler, and that God's kingdom endures forever. Only after passing through long years of humiliation did the king of Babylon learn that it was not his scepter, but the scepter of him whose kingdom is everlasting, that held supreme sway over the affairs of the nations. (The Youth's Instructor article "Nebuchadnezzar's Humiliation" March 28, 1905)