Daniel 3:5 Index
"That at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up."
Research Material

"...sackbut..."

  • A triangular instrument with four strings and a bright tone. (4BC 782)

"...psaltery..."

  • a stringed instrument of triangular shape, with the sounding board above the strings. (4BC 782)

"...dulcimer..."

  • A bagpipe... made of the skin of a dog. (4BC 782)

"...all kinds of musick..."

  • Here... a Babylonian orchestra is described, in which several instruments vary from those in use among the ancient Hebrews. (4BC 781)

"...worship the golden image..."

  • ...payment of homage to the image would give proof of subjection to the power of the king, but at the same time show a recognition that the gods of Babylonia -- the gods of the empire -- were supreme over all local gods. (4BC 782)
  • When that great company had gathered around the image on the broad plain, the voice of the herald was heard, "worship the golden image;" "God is a spirit and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit." (John 4:24). But spiritual worship, paganism is entirely ignorant. Except there be some form, some image before which they can bow, there can be, to them no worship. It was wholly in accordance with the religion, the education, and the government of Babylon, for the king to erect an image such as he did. It was wholly in harmony with the custom -- educational, religious, and civil -- for the people in general to respect a command to worship such an image. (SNH 44-45)
  • As Nebuchadnezzar tried to force his subjects to obey his mandates, so men will try to force us to disregard the Word of God. They will endeavor to compel us to render homage to man-made statutes; but in God's strength we are to refuse to dishonor him. The laws of earthly kingdoms are to be obeyed only when they do not conflict with the laws of God. When governments are tyrannical and overbearing, when they trample on God's law, their laws are contemptible in his sight. And when they try to control the minds and consciences of those whom Christ died to make free, God's children are to show their loyalty to him by refusing to disobey his commandments. (The Signs of the Times article "We Ought to Obey God Rather than Men" May 13, 1897)
  • During the time of their encampment beside Jordan, Moses was preparing for the occupation of Canaan. In this work the great leader was fully employed; but to the people this time of suspense and expectation was most trying, and before many weeks had elapsed their history was marred by the most frightful departures from virtue and integrity.... At first there was little intercourse between the Israelites and their heathen neighbors, but after a time Midianitish women began to steal into the camp. Their appearance excited no alarm, and so quietly were their plans conducted that the attention of Moses was not called to the matter. It was the object of these women, in their association with the Hebrews, to seduce them into transgression of the law of God, to draw their attention to heathen rites and customs, and lead them into idolatry. These motives were studiously concealed under the garb of friendship, so that they were not suspected, even by the guardians of the people.... At Balaam's suggestion, a grand festival in honor of their gods was appointed by the king of Moab, and it was secretly arranged that Balaam should induce the Israelites to attend. He was regarded by them as a prophet of God, and hence had little difficulty in accomplishing his purpose. Great numbers of the people joined him in witnessing the festivities. They ventured upon the forbidden ground, and were entangled in the snare of Satan. Beguiled with music and dancing, and allured by the beauty of heathen vestals, they cast off their fealty to Jehovah. As they united in mirth and feasting, indulgence in wine beclouded their senses and broke down the barriers of self-control. Passion had full sway; and having defiled their consciences by lewdness, they were persuaded to bow down to idols. They offered sacrifice upon heathen altars and participated in the most degrading rites. (PP 454)
  • Trial and persecution will come to all who, in obedience to the Word of God, refuse to worship this false sabbath. Force is the last resort of every false religion. At first it tries attraction, as the king of Babylon tried the power of music and outward show. If these attractions, invented by men inspired by Satan, failed to make men worship the image, the hungry flames of the furnace were ready to consume them. So it will be now. The papacy has exercised her power to compel men to obey her, and she will continue to do so. We need the same spirit that was manifested by God's servants in the conflict with paganism. (7BC 976)