Daniel's Prediction of the Judgment Index

In the last two lessons we have studied Daniel's amazing prophecy of the pre-advent judgment that began in 1844. We have discovered that the 2300 day prophecy began in 457 B.C., during the Medo-Persian realm and ended in A.D. 1844 with the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary. In the last lesson we examined carefully the Old Testament sanctuary service that pointed forward to the ministry of Christ. We found that the tree sections of the sanctuary pointed forward to three phases of the ministry of Christ. The courtyard represented Christ's work of sacrifice, the holy place His work of intercession, and the most holy place His work of final judgment. The work of the courtyard and holy place preformed in the ancient Jewish sanctuary every day was known as the "daily." the work of the most holy place, performed by the high priest on the Day of Atonement once a year, was known as the "yearly."

The cleansing of the sanctuary in the Old Testament referred to Christ's work of final judgment, which Daniel 8:14 indicates will begin at the end of the 2300-year prophecy in 1844. In this lesson we wish to examine the whole concept of the judgment as it appears in Daniel 7, Daniel 8, and Daniel 9. In fact, the pre-advent judgment seems to be the focal point of these three chapters.

The Sequence of Daniel 7

1. What are the Biblical symbol mentioned in Daniel 7:1-8.

Daniel 7:1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed: then he wrote the dream, and told the sum of the matters.

Daniel 7:2 Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea.

Daniel 7:3 And four great beasts cam up from the sea, diverse one from another.

Daniel 7:4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.

Daniel 7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.

Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.

Daniel 7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.

Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there cam up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.

 
2. What is the next scene that Daniel beholds?

Daniel 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.

Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issues and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.

Notice very clearly the sequence here in Daniel 7. Daniel portrays the panorama of the nations, each one following the other. The next great scene that Daniel beholds after the reign of the little horn power is none other than the judgment scene.
3. Daniel repeats the sequence of empires a second time in Daniel 7.

Daniel 7:19 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet.

Daniel 7:20 And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows.

 
4. How long does the little horn power prevail against the saints? Daniel 7:21-22 I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them; until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. Here again we find Daniel emphasizing the fact that the little horn prevails over the saints until the Ancient of days came, and the judgment was given.
5. In the third giving of this sequence in Daniel 7, what even does Daniel foretell?

Daniel 7:23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon the earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.

Daniel 7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

Daniel 7:26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.

Three times in one chapter Daniel has gone through the same sequence of the nations, from Daniel's day to the end of the world. In each case he ends with the judgment scene. The judgment scene always follows the reign of the little horn.
6. How long does the little horn power reign? Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. The time, times and dividing of time equals 1260 days, or prophetic years. The 1260 years began with the destruction of the last of the three powers that prevented the papacy from having full supremacy. The decree of Justinian which gave the pope power in the West was finally put into effect in A.D. 538. In 1798, 1260 years later, French general Berthier under orders from Napoleon took the pope prisoner, ending the temporal sovereignty of the pope and fulfilling to the very year the 1260 year prophecy. Daniel 7 predicted that this little horn power would control and dominate the saints for this 1260 year period. When this period was over, God would convene the judgment. That's why Daniel was sees the judgment scene coming right after the reign of this little horn power. From Daniel 7 we can learn that the judgment occurs sometime after 1798. Daniel 8 gives us the final details which pinpoint exactly when the judgment begins.
The Sequence of Daniel 8
In Daniel 8 we notice that Daniel repeats the same sequence as Daniel 7 for a fourth time. This constant repetition was to vividly impress upon our minds the importance of the sequence of events leading up to the judgment.
7. What did Daniel see in his vision of Daniel 8?

Daniel 8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

Daniel 8:5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.

Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

Daniel 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

Daniel 8:11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

Daniel 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

 
8. According to Daniel 8, what is the next thing that happens after the reign of the little horn? Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. The cleansing of the sanctuary is the parallel to the judgment; in Daniel 7 the judgment scene is the event that follows the reign of the little horn; in Daniel 8 the event pictured is the cleansing of the sanctuary. From our study of the ancient Jewish sanctuary we have learned, however, that the cleansing of the sanctuary referred to the work of judgment. Whereas Daniel 7 gave us the approximate time for the beginning of the judgment, Daniel 8 gives us the exact details - it starts at the end of the 2300 days in 1844.
9. What is the interpretation of Daniel 8?

Daniel 8:15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.

Daniel 8:17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.

Daniel 8:19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

Daniel 8:20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

Daniel 8:22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.

Daniel 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

 
The Good News of the Judgment
Amazing, exciting, wonderful news! God's judgment has already begun in heaven and has been going on there since 1844. To some people, judgment is scary and is bad news. but in Scripture, judgment is always treated as good news for God's people, not bad news.
10. What is declared in Heaven when God's judgments are made manifest?

Revelation 19:1-2 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God: for true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.

Revelation 19:3 And again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.

It seems incredible, but all heaven goes into greatest description of praise to God because He has manifested His judgments. Revelation 14:6-12 describes a special message that is to go into all the world at the end time. It is symbolized by three angels flying in the midst of heaven, proclaiming this message.
11. What does the first angel's message proclaim about the judgment? Revelation 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of his judgment is come: worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. Notice the present tense of this verse. When this special message is proclaimed, the judgment is not future, it is not past; it is actually in progress. This message of the judgment in session could only be proclaimed since 1844.
12. What three injunctions are given as a result of the judgment being in session? Revelation 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of his judgment is come: worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. Again we see praise, honor, and worship given to God, because He has convened the judgment.
Two aspects of the Judgment
13. Why does Daniel say the sanctuary has to be cleansed? Daniel 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? In order to fully understand what is involved in the pre-advent judgment, we must examine why the sanctuary needed to be cleansed, we must understand just what the little horn did.
14. What did the little horn do to God's sanctuary?

Daniel 8:11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

Daniel 8:12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.

There are four great sins that Daniel charges to the little horn in Daniel 8 that necessitate the cleansing of the sanctuary.

  1. He magnified himself to the prince of the host. This refers to the papacy's claim to be equal with God.
  2. He takes away the daily sacrifice. In the Old Testament sanctuary service the "daily" referred to the work of the courtyard and the holy place - Christ's work of sacrifice and intercession. The little horn has destroyed Christ's work of sacrifice and intercession by instituting the daily sacrifice of the mass for the once-for-all sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Instead of Jesus dying once for all on the cross, the papal system sacrifices Christ every time the mass is conducted. This system also destroys Christ's work of intercession by causing people to turn to the confessional box for forgiveness of sin, instead of pointing them to the intercessory work of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary, where Jesus as our only mediator forgives us of our sins.
  3. "The place of his sanctuary was cast down." The place of God's sanctuary in the New Testament is the heavenly sanctuary. Instead of pointing people to the heavenly sanctuary where Christ is minister, the papal system has pointed them to an earthly priestly system.
  4. "It cast down the truth to the ground." The papacy has taken the great truth of salvation and place it within their system of formal worship.

It is because of these very doctrines that the Roman system comes under the judgment of God. It is partially because of this corruption of the sanctuary truth by the papacy that Daniel reveals the sanctuary must be cleansed, or restored to its rightful place (Daniel 8:14 RSV). Once again people must be led to see the ministry of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary. Thus we see that the sanctuary needs to be cleansed because the little horn has made the work of Christ a work on earth instead of a work in the heavenly sanctuary.

15. In the Old Testament sanctuary service, what necessitated the cleansing of the sanctuary? Leviticus 16:16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.

The second thing that necessitated the cleansing of the sanctuary was that the sins of God's people had been transferred to the sanctuary through the ministry of Jesus Christ. These sins must be removed through a work of judgment in which it is shown that Satan, not God, is responsible for sin.

Since there are two things that defile the sanctuary, the judgment beginning in 1844 must be a twofold judgment:

  1. It must bring judgment for the saints
  2. It must bring judgment for the little horn

In other words, there is a positive and a negative aspect to the judgment. Positively, the judgment will decide in favor of the saints; negatively, it will decide against the little horn.

16. What message is preached as a part of the everlasting gospel? Revelation 14:6-7 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. The everlasting gospel is that Jesus forgives our sins through His ministry which is illustrated by the sanctuary service. We are to worship Him who made heaven and earth and Him alone.
17. Who else is judged in the pre-advent judgment? Daniel 7:22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. God does not need the judgment. The judgment is set and the books are open so the saints, unfallen angels, and the unfallen worlds can see that all God's judgments are true. And then and only then do the wicked receive their punishment.
18. With whom does Peter say judgment must begin? 1 Peter 4:17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it fist begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?  
19. Who is to be my lawyer in the judgment? 1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: That's why Christians are not anxious about the judgment. They know that Jesus Christ is their advocate and that there is no charge that Satan can bring against them that Christ has not paid the price for.
20. Do you wish to engage Jesus Christ as your advocate?