Daniel's Longest Time Prophecy Index
The next three lessons will unravel one of the most amazing and fascinating prophecies in the entire book of Daniel. It will reveal an event now transpiring in heaven that clearly indicates the approaching end of earth's history. It will reveal an event that is occurring in heaven right now which brings exceedingly good news to God's people, but exceedingly bad news for the little horn. The message of Daniel 8 and Daniel 9 is the climax of the message revealed in the book of Daniel. Here Daniel gives us the longest time prophecy in the entire Bible. What an exciting prophecy we're about to study! Let's get started!
The Panorama of Empires
In order to understand Daniel's prophecies, it is necessary to employ correct principles of interpretation. One of these is the principle of repetition and expansion. This prophetic guideline suggests that each of the great outline prophecies in the book of Daniel continually goes over the same history, repeating the empires of the past, but each succeeding prophecy adds further details on the end time. Daniel 8 and Daniel 9 go through the same sequence as Daniel 2 and Daniel 7, portraying the empires of Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome and the little horn. The focal point in Daniel & was the development of the little horn, whereas the focal point in Daniel 8 and Daniel 9 is how God will bring an end to the little horn power.
1. When did Daniel have the vision of Daniel 8?

Daniel 8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.

Daniel 8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.

This vision is given near the end of the Babylonian realm, interestingly, we will see that it does not begin with Babylon, but with Medo-Persia.
2. What kind of animal did Daniel see in vision that conquered in every direction?

Daniel 8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

Daniel 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

 
3. Who does this ram represent? Daniel 8:20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.  
4. What is the next animal that Daniel sees in this vision? Daniel 8:5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the he goat had a notable horn between his eyes.  
5. Who does the rough goat represent, and what does the great horn symbolize? Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. Notice how the prophecy follows the same sequence as Daniel 2 and Daniel 7. After Medo-Persia comes Greece. The notable horn represents the first king of Greece, Alexander the Great.
6. What did the he goat do the the ram?

Daniel 8:6 And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.

Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

 
7. What happened to the great horn when it was strong? What came up in its place? Daniel 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.  
8. What is the meaning of the four horns that come up? Daniel 8:22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power. Alexander the Great conquered the world in a very short period of time. At the age of 32 he died suddenly, the result of his own intemperance. The Grecian empire, instead of being taken over by one person, was divided into four separate kingdoms - the kingdoms of Egypt,Thrace, Macedonia, and Syria. These four kingdoms were ruled by the four generals of Alexander: Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander, and Seleucus.
9. What does Daniel see coming out of one of the four winds of heaven? Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great,toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.  
10. Who does this little horn stand up against?

Daniel 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Daniel 8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to proposer in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

The "Prince of princes" is obviously a reference to Jesus Christ. The power here described as the little horn stands up in opposition to Jesus Christ Himself. The power that crucified Christ was the pagan Roman Empire, the next empire in the sequence of empires foretold in the book of Daniel. At this point the little horn in Daniel 8:9 is none other than the pagan Roman Empire.
11. Does the little horn stay a little horn? Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.  
12. As the little horn waxed great, what five things did it do?

Daniel 8:11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

Daniel 8:12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.

Obviously we are not dealing with just the pagan Roman empire. In the later days of the Roman Empire, the little horn changed form. It became a religious political power that cast down the truth of God to the ground, practiced and prospered and destroyed the truth of God's sanctuary. In following the sequence of Daniel 7, the next power after pagan Rome is papal Rome. Daniel 8 uses the same symbol to represent both powers, indicating the connection between pagan Rome and papal Rome, likewise Daniel 7 indicated that the little horn grew out of the dragon. Thus the little horn of Daniel 8 represents Rome in its two stages of pagan and papal Rome.
13. As Daniel contemplates all that he has seen in this vision, what question is asked? Daniel 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? As Daniel has seen the sequence of empires - Medo-Persia, Greece, pagan Rome, the papal apostasy, and all the terrible deeds committed by these powers, the question is asked, how long shall be this vision concerning the daily sacrifice, the transgression of desolation, etc? In other words, Daniel hears two hold beings talking in heaven and one ask the question: how long will this vision be that begins with Medo-Persia and ends with Papal Rome.
14. How long would it be until the sanctuary would start to be cleansed? Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. Obviously we are dealing with 2300 prophetic years not 2300 literal days.
15. Does the Bible support the use of a day for a year in prophecy? Ezekiel 4:6 And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year. In Bible time prophecy, one day is symbolic of one year. This principle fits in very clearly with the context of Daniel 8.
16. What is Daniel told about the vision of the evening and the morning? Daniel 8:26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days. All other aspects of this vision were clearly interpreted for Daniel in the latter part of the chapter. When we come to the verse where the interpretation should be given for the evenings and the mornings of the 2300 days, we are told that it is shut up, for it shall be for many days.
17. Why didn't God give Daniel an interpretation of the 2300 days at this time? Daniel 8:27 And I fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it. As Daniel saw everything that was done by the little horn power, he fainted and was sick. Therefore God could not give him the interpretation of the 2300 days. Daniel 8 concludes by stating that nobody understood the vision. Everybody clearly understood the first part of the vision - it was clearly interpreted in the latter part of Daniel 8, the only part of the vision not explained was the last part.
18. What is Daniel doing when Chapter 9 opens?

Daniel 9:1-2 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seen of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; in the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

Daniel 9 opens with Daniel having studied the prophecies of Jeremiah and the seventy years of captivity Israel was to suffer before being returned to their home land.
19. Who appeared to Daniel in answer to his prayer? Daniel 9:20-21 And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God; yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. The same angel who gave Daniel the original vision of Daniel 8 now comes and appears to him again.
20. What is the purpose of Gabriel's visit this time?

Daniel 9:22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding.

Daniel 9:23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.

Gabriel calls Daniel's attention to the vision that he saw at the beginning of the 2300 day vision. Gabriel says he is now come to give him an understanding of that vision and tells him to consider that vision and understand it. We can then expect an interpretation of the 2300 days in the next few verses.
The Seventy Weeks
21. How much time of the 2300 days was determined (or cut off) for the Jewish people? Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Daniel is told to consider the vision of the 2300 days. He is next told that seventy weeks are determined, or cut off, of the 2300 days for the Jewish people. Seventy weeks times seven days in a week equals 490 days, or years. Remember, God's people were in captivity in Babylon at this time. God is assuring them that He will give them another opportunity. He will give them another 490 years to come into line.
22. When are the seventy-week and 2300-day prophecies to begin? Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: The street shall be build again, and the wall, even in troublous times. The commandment to restore and build Jerusalem was given by Artaxerxes in 457 B.C. (Ezra 6:14)
23. What would happen at the end of the first 69 weeks? Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: The street shall be build again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

Daniel 9:25 tells us that from this commandment to restore Jerusalem in 457 B.C., until the Messiah , the prince, comes, there will be seven weeks, plus threescore and two weeks. A score equals twenty, so we have seven, plus sixty, plus two, or 69 weeks or 483 years until Messiah would come. If we add 483 years to 457 B.C., we arrive at the calendar year A.D. 27 as the time for the appearance of the Messiah.

The word "Messiah" is a Hebrew word, meaning "the anointed one." Christ was anointed by the Holy Spirit for His ministry at His baptism. (Luke 3:21,22; Acts 10:38).

24. What is the first message that Jesus announces after His baptism? Mark 1:14-15 Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel. God's prophetic time clock had struck, and Jesus appeared on the scene of action at the very time the bible foretold! Jesus was baptized in A.D. 27, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar (Luke 3:1). Here is one of the most amazing prophecies of the Bible. The Bible actually predicted the very year of the baptism of Jesus.
25. What is ultimately to happen to the Messiah? Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for Himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. The Bible not only foretold the baptism of Christ, but it ever foretold that Christ would die. But notice the it says "not for himself." His would be a substitutionary death, for the entire human race.

26. How long does Messiah confirm the convenient with the Jews?

Daniel 9:27 And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations He shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. One week is seven days, or seven years. Seven years added to A.D. 27 brings us to A.D. 34. During this seven year period the gospel is to be confirmed to the Jewish people.
27. What does the Messiah do in the midst of this last week? Daniel 9:27 And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations He shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. In the middle of this final week, three and a half years after Christ began His ministry, He is to cause the sacrifice to cease. He was bringing to its end the sacrificial system. Jesus accomplished this by His death upon the cross... in the spring of A.D. 31. As Jesus hung upon the cross the temple curtain was torn in two indicating the end of the sacrificial system. Jesus, the Lamb of God, had died; no longer was there any need for animal sacrifices. Only one person could ever stop animal sacrifices and that was the One who became a sacrifice Himself. For three and a half years after the death of Christ the disciples labored mainly for the Jewish people. In A.D. 34, the Jewish people sealed their rejection of the gospel by the stoning of Stephen (Acts 7). The persecution begun at this time caused the Christians to scatter everywhere and preach the gospel everywhere to Jews and gentiles alike (Acts 8:4).
28. When does the 2300-day prophecy end? Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. If we subtract 490 years from 2300 years, we have 1810 years left. Adding 1810 years to A.D. 34, we arrive at the year 1844, which would be the conclusion of the 2300 year prophecy.
29. What was to happen in 1844 at the end of the 2300 Days? Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. We have examined the longest time prophecy in the Bible, stretching all the way from Daniel's day to ours, from 457 B.C. to A.D. 1844. What happened in the middle of the nineteenth century as the great prophecy came to an end? In order to understand what took place in 1844, we will need to study what the Bible says the sanctuary is. Daniel 8:14 tells us that at this time the sanctuary will be cleansed. The next two lessons will give the amazing details of what happened in 1844.
30. Are you thankful that the Bible foretold so clearly the baptism and crucifixion of Jesus?