Acts 13:42
Did God Authorize the Little Horn to Change His Sabbath? Index
Lesson 11 has revealed the astonishing fact that there has been a purported change in god's law regarding His Sabbath. Someone has tried to change God's original seventh-day Sabbath. Today most Christians keep Sunday, the first day of the week. Our lesson revealed very clearly that the Bible indicated God has made no change in the Sabbath. It is a part of the eternal, changeless, Ten Commandment law of God; it originated in the Garden of Eden; it will be kept in the new earth; and it is God's special sign of a relationship with Him. The purpose of the Sabbath is to provide people time to build this solid relationship with God. Does the little horn power have the authority to change the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday as the last lesson showed he has attempted to do? In this lesson we want to examine every possible New Testament evidence that would even remotely suggest the possibility of the change of the Sabbath. We will examine every text in the New Testament that mentions the first day of the week. There are only eight.
Sunday in the New Testament
1. Would the little horn actually change God's times and laws? Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. He doesn't do it; he only thinks he does it.
2. What happened on the first day of the week?

1) Matthew 28:1, 2 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.

2) Mark 16:1, 2 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

3) Mark 16:9 Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven devils.

4) Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

5) Luke 24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, certain others with them.

6) John 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

Here ware the first five texts that mention the first day of the week. In not one single instance is there any indication of the fact that we are to keep this day now in honor of the resurrection. Each of the text state the historical truth that Jesus rose on the first day of the week.
3. What day is mentioned as coming before the first day of the week?

1) Matthew 28:1, 2 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.

2) Mark 16:1, 2 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

3) Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

In most of the texts that mention the first day of the week, the Biblical writers make it clear that the Sabbath was the day before the day of the resurrection, not the day of the resurrection.
4. What is the Bible memorial of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ?

Romans 6:3 Know ye not, that so many of us was were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into His death?

Romans 6:4 Therefore we are buried with Him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

Romans 6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of His death, we shall be also in the likeness of His resurrection.

Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.

God has already given us a memorial of the crucifixion and resurrection -- baptism. God never gave people authority to institute another memorial which would destroy the Sabbath memorial that God gave at creation.
5. Why were the disciples assembled on the first day of the week? John 20:19 then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, "Peace be unto you." The disciples were not holding a meeting to honor the resurrection. They did not even believe in the resurrection at this point. They were meeting behind locked doors for fear that the same thing that happened to Jesus would happen to them. They were afraid for their lives. Jesus appeared to these frightened disciples on the same day that He rose from the dead. Nothing here indicates a change in the day of worship.
6. What did Paul ask the Corinthian Christians to do on the first day of the week? 1 Corinthians 16:2 Upon the first day of the week let every one lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. Paul was requesting money for the Jerusalem Christians who were suffering from famine (Acts 11:27-30; Romans 15:26) he was instructing the Corinthian Christians to prepare for this offering by laying aside at home a certain amount of money... for this special offering. Please note that this was an individual laying aside, and not a collective laying aside at a church meeting. There is nothing in this text to indicate there was a collecting occurring in church on the first day of the week. They were putting aside money for this offering that would be collected later, when Paul arrived. There certainly is no evidence there for Sunday keeping.
7. Does Acts 20:7-11 indicate that the first day was the regular meeting day of the early church?

Acts 20:7 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow, and continued his speech until midnight.

Acts 20:8 And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.

Acts 20:9 And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead.

Acts 20:10 And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, "Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him."

Acts 20:11 When he therefore was come up again, and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed.

Notice when this meeting actually took place: the evening of the first day of the week. In biblical times the day was reckoned from sunset to sunset, "from even to even" (Genesis 1:5; Mark 1:32). Thus the dark part of the first day of the week... Paul was having a farewell meeting for the church members... he knew he might never see them again. He was anxious to impart all of the counsel of God that he could. And so the scripture says he spent the entire night, from sundown to sunup, preaching to them. St midnight a very unusual thing occurred when the young man Eutychus went to sleep and fell out of the third story window. When Paul went down and prayed for him, he was resurrected and brought up, and they continued the meeting till morning. This story is the reason why this passage was recorded in the scripture.

According to Verse 11, on Sunday morning the apostle Paul and his company departed on their journey. Why didn't they stay for Sunday morning worship if they were keeping Sunday?

Some have cited this text to indicate that the regular custom of the early church as to meet on the first day of the week. But the text says nothing about it being the regular custom of the early church. The fact that Paul preached and broke bread on this day does not make the day sacred. The early church broke bread daily (Acts 2:46), as well as preached daily.

Amazingly, we have looked at every New Testament text that even mentions the first day of the week. We have not found the slightest indication of any change in the day of worship.

Was the Sabbath Abolished?
Certain texts in the New Testament have indicated that certain sabbaths are no longer kept in the New Testament church. This has confused a few people into thinking that the New Testament was not concerned about the seventh-day Sabbath. However, there were two kinds of sabbaths mentioned in the Old Testament -- the ceremonial feast days and the seventh-day Sabbath.
8. What were the ceremonial feast days called?

Leviticus 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Leviticus 23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.

Leviticus 23:29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

Leviticus 23:30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

Leviticus 23:31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

Leviticus 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, for even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

The seventh-day weekly Sabbath of creation originated in the Garden of Eden,,but the ceremonial feast days were also called "sabbath." These ceremonial feast days were: Feast of Unleavened Bread, Passover, Feast of Firstfruits, Pentecost, Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23). These ceremonial sabbaths pointed forward to the cross, and therefore ceased to be kept after the cross. However, the seventh-day Sabbath pointed back to creation and our need for a relationship with God. The seventh-day Sabbath was always in sharp contrast to the ceremonial sabbaths that only pointed forward to the cross and were shadows of the reality that was to come in Christ.
9. In addition to the ceremonial sabbaths, what other sabbath were the children of Israel to keep? Leviticus 23:37-38 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: beside there sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD. The Old Testament makes a clear distinction between the ceremonial feast days that were sabbaths and the seventh-day Sabbath. The seventh-day Sabbath was in addition to all the other feast days.
10. Which sabbaths does the Apostle Paul say New Testament believers are not to be judged on? Colossians 2:16, 17 Let no man judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. Paul makes it very clear which sabbath days he's talking about. Remember, there were two kinds of sabbaths in the Old Testament the seventh-day Sabbath pointing backward to creation, and the ceremonial sabbaths that were a shadow pointing forward to the cross. Paul clearly states that it is the sabbaths which are a shadow of things to come that the Christian is no longer to be judged on. He is not talking about the seventh-day Sabbath; he is talking about the ceremonial sabbaths, such as Passover, Feast of Tabernacles, and Day of Atonement.
 
11. Does Romans 14:1-6 indicate that it makes no difference which day is kept as the Sabbath?

Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations.

Romans 14:2 For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs.

Romans 14:3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him.

Romans 14:4 Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.

Romans 14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.

Romans 14:6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.

The Sabbath is not even mentioned in the text. There is no indication that the day spoken of here is the Sabbath. The context of this passage indicates that some Christians were concerned about eating on a day, and others were concerned about not eating on a day. One of the disputes in the early Christian centuries was over whether they should keep Wednesday or Friday as fast days. Possibly this is what the apostle Paul was talking about here. Some were eating on a day, others were not eating on the day... What day is kept as a fast-day is not important. There is absolutely nothing here to indicate that the Sabbath is being talked about.
The Sabbath in the New Testament
12. On what day did Paul and his company to into the synagogue at Antioch? Acts 13:14 But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.  
13. When the Jews left the synagogue, what did the Gentiles ask? Acts 13:42 And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. Paul was not attempting to reach only the Jews, but we see here that even the Gentiles asked that Paul preach to them on the Sabbath. Evidently they recognized Paul's custom to keep the Sabbath.
14. What happened on the next Sabbath? Acts 13:44 And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God.  
15. Where did Paul meet for Sabbath worship at Philippi? Acts 16:13 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to e made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither. At Philippi there was no synagogue of the Jews where Paul went on Sabbath. Instead he met with the believers by the riverside. Even though there was not a Jewish place of worship, Paul still met on Sabbath for Christian worship.
16. How many Sabbaths did Paul preach Christ and Him crucified at Thessalonica?

Acts 17:1-3 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: and Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.

Acts 17:4 And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great number, and of the chief women not a few.

 
17. How often did Paul preach to the Jews and the Greeks at Corinth? Acts 18:4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.  
18. How long was Paul at Corinth? Acts 18:11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them. For 78 Sabbaths Paul preached every Sabbath. Certainly in the year and a half that he was in Corinth, Paul would have introduced Sunday-keeping to the new believers if there had been a change. But there is a strange absence of any indication of Sunday-keeping. Instead, we find Paul constantly keeping the Sabbath every week for the year and a half he lived in Corinth.
19. What does the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews give as an example of the rest that we have in Jesus Christ? Hebrews 4:4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, and God did rest the seventh day from all his works. In discussing the rest that the Christian finds in Jesus Christ, there is no better example than the seventh-day Sabbath. The seventh-day Sabbath is God's symbol of the rest the believer has in Christ, because the Sabbath is a symbol of the relationship that Christian has with his God.
20. Does this Sabbath rest still remain for the people of God today?

Hebrews 4:9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.

Hebrews 4:10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from His.

Hebrews 4:11 Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the example of unbelief.

Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

The Greek word translated "rest" here is sabbatismos, meaning "Sabbath rest." The scripture is clear that there still remains a sabbath rest for the New Testament believer, and God commands us to enter that same rest.
The Sabbath Issue

The Issue is clear, There is absolutely not the slightest bit of evidence in Scripture of a change in the day of worship from Saturday to Sunday. However, the real issue is not keeping Saturday or keeping Sunday. The real issue is, does the little horn have the authority to change God's law? Notice this amazing statement from a Roman Catholic source:

"It was the Catholic Church which... transferred the rest to the Sunday... . Thus the observance of Sunday by the Protestants is an homage they pay, in spite of themselves, to the authority of the [Catholic] Church." Monsignour Louis Segur, "Plain Truth About Protestantism of Today," p. 213

What an amazing, incredible admission! The Roman Church actually claims that when a person keeps Sunday, he acknowledges the authority of the Roman Church! To keep God's seventh-day Sabbath is to say very clearly that no person has the authority to change God's law. Make no mistake about it, the issue in the Sabbath-Sunday controversy is the issue of authority. The Sabbath we keep reveals whom we recognize as supreme authority in our religious life. No wonder God said that the Sabbath is a sign that we know the Lord (Ezekiel 20:20).

21. Is it all right to worship by tradition instead of by the commandments of God?

Mark 7:7 Howbeit in vain do they worship Me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

Mark 7:9 And He said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.

Mark 7:13 Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.

 
22. Whom did Peter say we should obey? Acts 5:29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.  
23. Why should the Christian obey Christ? John 14:15 If ye love me, keep my commandments. Christians must always remember that their motive in obeying their Heavenly Father is love. Christians do not obey because of fear or obligation, but solely because they love Jesus Christ for saving them from sin.
24. Is it your desire to keep holy God's seventh-day Sabbath because you love Him and want to take this time to develop a deeper relationship with God?