Daniel's Little Horn Index

In Lesson 7 we discovered that the book of Revelation predicted the rise of a modern spiritual Babylon that would do some of the same things that ancient Babylon did. Spiritual Babylon would mix paganism with the worship of God and would persecute God's people, who would refuse to accept this combination of paganism and Christianity. Since the Bible has foretold that a false religious system would arise, every sincere Christian should make certain that he tests every religious movement by the Bible and the Bible only. We cannot afford to trust what religious leaders may say what well-meaning individuals may say, but we can trust the Word of God only. Remember that Revelation indicates that there are many God-fearing people in Babylon. To them God sends a message, "Come out of her, my people" (Revelation 18:4). It is God's people who are called out of Babylon.

In this lesson we will be dealing with a very sensitive, yet important and crucial subject. We will let the Bible identify for us this great apostate system that has mixed paganism and Christianity together. Some who study this lesson may be hurt by learning this identity. Please remember, there is no malice intended to anyone belonging to any religious system. God is not speaking about individuals in this system itself. God loves every individual who may have become entangled in false teachings. In love He sends them the message to come out of Babylon. It is only because of God's great love and concern for us that He has warned us so explicitly about religious systems. God does not want us to be deceived. Truth can be painful at times, but deception is even more painful in the end. With eternity at stake, our only safety is to rely not on what man says but on what God says in His Holy Word, the Bible.

The Four Beasts
1. How many beasts did Daniel see coming up out of the sea? Daniel 7:1-2 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed: then he wrote the dream, and told the sum of the matters. Daniel spake and said, 'I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.'  
2. What does the sea represent? Revelation 17:15 "And he saith unto me, 'The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.'  
3. What do the four beasts represent? Daniel 7:17 The great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth. In Daniel 2 four kingdoms are represented by the various metals of a great image: the head of gold, Babylon; the breast and arms of silver, Medo-Persia; the belly and thighs of brass, Greece; the legs of iron, Rome; the feet part of iron and part of clay, the ten divisions of the Roman empire. Daniel 2 is the great outline prophecy of world events. Daniel 7 builds on what Daniel 2 has revealed, using different symbols to portray the same four world empires and adding details about the behavior of each of these powers. A new power, the little horn is introduced in Daniel 7.
4. What beast did God choose to represent the kingdom of Babylon? Daniel 7:4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.

Just as gold, the choicest of metals, was chosen to represent Babylon, so the king of the beasts, the lion, represents Babylon in Daniel 7. The prophecy begins where the prophet is living. Since Daniel lived in ancient Babylon, it is logical to begin the prophecy with Babylon.

5. What animal represents the second world empire of Medo-Persia? Daniel 7:5 And behold another best, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, 'Arise, devour much flesh.'  
6. What animal represents the third kingdom, Greece? Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.  
7. How many heads did the leopard have? Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. The four heads of the leopard represent the four divisions of the Grecian Empire at the death of Alexander the Great. Rather than one power taking over, the kingdom was divided among his four generals: Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus, who ruled over the kingdoms of Macedonia, Thrace, Egypt, and Syria.
8. The fourth beast, represents pagan Rome, is identified by having what kind of teeth? Daniel 7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. Note the similarity between the legs of iron in Daniel 2 and the iron teeth in Daniel 7, indicating that both the beast and the legs represent the iron monarchy of Rome.
9. How many horns did the fourth beast have? Daniel 7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. The ten horns represent the ten divisions of the Roman Empire.
10. What did Daniel see arising in the midst of the ten horns? Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. Here is a power not mentioned in Daniel 2. Daniel's description of the work of the little horn is a new area not mentioned before. Let us discover the identifying marks of the little horn.
Identification Marks of the Little Horn
11. List the identifying marks of the little horn as they appear throughout Chapter 7. Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. The Roman Empire divided into ten parts by A.D. 476. Since the little horn emerges to greatness among these ten divisions, he would have to become a major power after the break-up of the Roman Empire. Thus we should look for the rise of the little horn in Western Europe after A.D. 476.
 

Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.

Daniel 7:20 And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of the horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows.

Daniel 7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse form the first, and he shall subdue three kings.

Since only seven of the original ten divisions of the Roman Empire are still in existence in Europe today, obviously the little horn power has already arisen in Western Europe.
  Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. There is a man at the head of this power.
 

Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given his hands until a time and times and the dividing of time.

This power would blaspheme God. Remember, Belshazzar blasphemed God when he mixed paganism with the worship of God. Obviously this power would likewise blaspheme God by mixing paganism with the worship of God.
 

Daniel 7:21 I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them.

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given his hands until a time and times and the dividing of time.

Just like ancient Babylon, the little horn would persecute those who disagreed with its presumptuous claims. It would attempt to destroy the saints of God.
  Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given his hands until a time and times and the dividing of time.  
12. What other Biblical expressions are use to describe the time of reign of the little horn?

Revelation 12:14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.

Revelation 13:5 And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given him to continue forty and two months.

Revelation 12:6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.

This period is referred to in the Scriptures as a time, times and dividing of time; time, times and half a time; forty-two months; and 1260 days. Obviously, they all should equal the same time period. Forty-two months times 30 days in a month would equal 1260 days. A time would equal 360 days (the Jewish year), two times, 720 days (two years), and half a time, 180 days (half a year), which totals 1260 days. The the little horn power would rule over the minds of men for 1260 days. Remember, in Bible time prophecy, a day equals one literal year (Ezekiel 4:6). Thus the little horn power is to rule for 1260 literal years.
The Little Horn and The Beast of Revelation 13
The book of Revelation also reveals the little horn power under different symbolism. In fact, the beast of Revelation 13 and the little horn of Daniel 7 refer to the same power.
13. List the identifying marks of the beast of Revelation 13.

Revelation 13:2 And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.

Revelation 13:4 And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?

The dragon represents the devil (Revelation 12:9). No matter what this power claims, the source of its authority and power is none other than Satan himself.
  Revelation 13:3 And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.  
  Revelation 13:3 And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.  
 

Revelation 13:3 And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.

Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose name names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

This power would receive a deadly wound, but amazingly, it would recover and all the world would then follow this power.
  Revelation 13:4 And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? This power is a power that receives worship of men. It is therefore a religious power and not a secular power.
 

Revelation 13:5 And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.

Revelation 13:6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, and His tabernacle, and them that swell in heaven.

Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given his hands until a time and times and the dividing of time.

Like Daniel's little horn, this power blasphemes God.
 

Revelation 13:5 And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given his hands until a time and times and the dividing of time.

This power reigns the same time that Daniel's little horn reigns - 1260 years.
 

Revelation 13:7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given his hands until a time and times and the dividing of time.

Again the similarity to Daniel.
  Revelation 13:18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. Just a quick glance at these identifying marks makes it very clear that Revelation 13 and Daniel 7 are talking about exactly the same power.
14. What will ultimately happen to the little horn power. Daniel 7:26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. This modern spiritual Babylon will ultimately come under the judgment of God and will be destroyed. Daniel is very clear that this power will ultimately come to its end at the second coming of Christ. How important, then, that we not be deceived by this power.
15. How did Daniel feel abut this revelation? Daniel 7:28 Hitherto is the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart. Daniel was deeply disturbed by this revelation. Likewise, you might be disturbed by the things revealed in Daniel 7 and Revelation 13. Remember that everything written here has been written in love. God does not want anyone to be deceived by this great delusion that has taken the whole world captive. That's why in mercy He has sent the warnings of Revelation 13 and Daniel 7. Disturbing and shocking as this revelation may be, God sends it to us because He loves us so much.
16. What message does Jesus send to those He loves? Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent. All of God's messages come with love. Jesus has only given the message of Daniel 7 because He loves you.
17. Do you desire to respond to Jesus' loving appeal and heed the warning about the little horn power?